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Even if you don’t have a large yard, you can still grow P. pyrifolia: some cultivars can grow up to 40 feet tall, but widely available dwarf varieties reach just six to 15 feet in height. Potted 20th Century Asian Pear Shipping Size: 3-4 feet with 1 foot pot. Despite their long history in Asia, they’re relatively new in the United States, arriving here in 1820 when horticulturist William Prince imported the plant to grow in Flushing, New York. Backfill the hole with two parts native soil and one part well-rotted compost or manure, and water deeply. Easily pollinated by planting ‘Hosui’ alongside it, ‘Chojuro’ requires 450 chill hours. Easy to grow, heavy bearing small tree. Pear trees should be trained and pruned in a similar fashion as apples. GARDENER'S PATH® IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. Dip your shears or pruners in a solution of water and 10 percent bleach to help prevent the spread of the infection. While P. pyrifolia don’t fall prey to too many pests or diseases, there are a few major troublemakers to watch out for. many fungal issues makes them especially great for gardeners in cooler, wetter full sun and situated in well-draining soil. living in what was then, Yatsuhshira in Japan. pears offer a delicious alternative to European You get the idea: this is a large, extra-juicy cultivar. Container trees are available at Nature Hills Nursery. This is because seeds don’t grow into exact replicas of their parent trees. Pack your bounty in a padded bucket until you decide what to do with them, as they bruise very easily. You can learn more about how to store pears in our guide. Codling moths lay tiny translucent eggs on the leaves. The fruit is incredibly delicious, nutritious and easy to grow. Sign up for our newsletter. If you prefer a dwarf ‘Hosui,’ which reaches up to 12 feet in height, you can find it at the Home Depot. Does it taste like a delicious, crisp, juicy pear? A good keeper, fruits store well for up to five months in cold storage at 31°F. Lay the slices on a greased cookie sheet. Here is more about what we do. Every time you water, check for weeds. Order yours today! When you’re certain you have the perfect place for those saplings, place your order or bring them home and dig holes for the roots. Estimated Chilling Requirement 300-400 hours below ... Pollenized by Shinko, Chojuro, Bartlett or 20th Century. Start by washing each fruit, peeling the skin off (if you want to), and coring it. Pruning each year in the dormant season is important, but flower thinning can also help with fruit production. the early 1900s and the original tree was designated a national monument in The New Century Asian Pear is my favorite for making Asian Pear Jam. Often round like an apple, some P. pyrifolia cultivars are teardrop-shaped like their European counterparts. The 20th Century Asian pear tree produces the unique apple pear. Like apple, nectarine, and peach trees, Asian pears are members of the rose or Rosaceae family. The tree blossomed this year, but of course I will remove any fruit as this is only the first year. I dream of traveling to Japan and China someday, to sample their expertly grown P. pyrifolia fruits. That should work well. If you have a sweet tooth, you could also use some of your crop to make this heavenly pear sorbet with ginger-infused maple syrup, also from Foodal. You can find bare root ‘Hosui’ trees available at Burpee. If you get frost in the spring, be sure to cover your plant and provide a small heat source like a lamp. Although it grows well in warmer locations, keep in mind you won’t get a good harvest with fewer than 300 chill hours. I do both. Uncredited photos: Shutterstock. This will also help to keep the height manageable. Maybe you know them as apple pears, papples, or nashi pears, but whatever you call them, the fruits of the Pyrus pyrifolia tree are delicious. Recommended chill between 300-400 hours. Although it is self-fertile, this type delivers a larger crop when planted in close proximity to another cultivar that blooms at the same time. Keep young trees moderately moist and train ‘20th Century’ requires 400 chill hours at temperatures below 45°F. temperatures approach. In Japanese, ‘Hosui’ means “abundant juice” or “much water,” depending on the translation. Below, you’ll find out what it is and how to treat it. The best way to preserve them to eat whole? Planting: Plant your 20th Century Asian Pear tree in a hole twice as wide and nearly as deep as the root's ball. Easy to grow, heavy bearing small tree. Some spots are at the base of the leaf, some are in the center, and some are on the tip. Even in the case of self-pollinating cultivars, cross-pollination leads to much bigger harvests. The fruit is rather large, with a thin green to yellow skin. Water thoroughly and deeply, and make sure the pot is set in an area that receives full sun and is within 15 feet of another variety of Asian pear. extent, planting two more compatible varieties nearby can help increase Select a spot that gets at least 6 hours of direct sunlight per day. Before the leaves appear, branches are covered in clusters of showy white blossoms. I love it because I prefer firm and crisp varieties of this fruit, and if that’s your preference, you will too. First, make sure you have enough space. This juicy Asian Pear treat is great eaten fresh and it stores well for canning and preserving. Plus, it’s nice to have the option to move it from one place to another, especially if you live in Zones 8 or 9, where you have to make sure to keep your tree cool in the summertime. Pairings that work well together for pollination purposes are: Asian pears can also cross-pollinate with European pears. This Asian pear’s skin is a beautiful yellow-green color. According to 20th Century Asian pear info, this Most popular Japanese cultivar that is semi-self fertile but bears better with a pollinator. Keeps well, up to six months. The site should receive at least eight hours of full sun every day in Zones 5-7. ‘Shinseiki,’ which translates to “new century,” is a cross between two popular varieties: ‘20th Century’ and ‘Chojuro.’ When ripe – usually sometime in August – this mid-size fruit is bright yellow and extremely crunchy. The original tree was designated as a national monument in 1935. Asian pear trees can take between three to five years to begin producing fruit after propagation. The Asian pear tree not only produces an abundance of delicious fruit, but it’s also aesthetically pleasing without taking up too much space. It produces yellow round pears (which are botanically known as 'pomes') with hints of red and white flesh which are usually ready for picking in late summer. Fruits may be harvested any time between August and October, depending on the cultivar you’re growing. Another way to prevent infestation is to space the fruits far enough apart so they aren’t touching, thinning them to one pear every four to six inches on any given branch. You can conduct a soil test to determine the pH and nutrient balance of your soil and amend accordingly. needs. To retain moisture and suppress weeds, consider putting down a three-inch layer of mulch. firm, white flesh. exact parentage was, but the seedling was discovered in 1888 by a young boy But I also learned how to keep the pests out of my apple orchard, which you can learn more about in our guide to keeping moose out of your yard. Asian production. Just remember to eat them within six months. To harvest, gently grasp the fruit, lift it, and twist it off the branch. They are also sometimes called P. serotina. A pear tree can grow to 20 feet tall, but you can keep it 10 – 15 feet tall by simply pruning it. climates. The twospotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae, is a tiny brownish-green pest that causes damage to foliage and usually only bothers a tree if it is water-stressed. Or, plant a dwarf or standard-sized cultivar straight into the ground for a beautiful and tasty addition to your landscape. ‘20th Century,’ aka ‘Nijisseiki,’ is highly popular for its abundance of incredibly juicy fruit and ornamental, multi-season interest. In my opinion, the best way to eat an Asian pear is fresh off the tree. Like apples, they ripen on the tree and have a crisp, firm texture, but they have juicy, white flesh with the flavor and fragrance of pears. We’ll cover both planting methods to make it easy for you to choose which is best for your garden. Set the root ball inside and backfill with soil, making sure the crown of the sapling is level with the soil surface. How To Water, Fertilize, and Prune Pear Trees. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! The first tree was named Shin Daihaku but changed to 20th Century 20th Century is a small, easy to grow, heavy bearing tree. Other methods of propagation include micropropagation via tissue cultures. With a rigorous fungicide program and excellent cultural care, these Some of these links may be affiliate in nature, meaning we earn small commissions if items are purchased. Are you ready to dive headfirst into the world of growing P. pyrifolia? in 1904. Reapply the solution every four to five days until the blossom shrivels and the fruit begins to grow. Laura Melchor grew up helping her mom in the garden in Montana, and as an adult she’s brought her cold-weather gardening skills with her to her home in Alaska. You can learn more about how to harvest pears in our guide. ‘20th Century’ requires 400 chill hours at temperatures below 45°F. In addition, trim some of the branches nearest to the trunk to encourage them to produce blossoms. Their resistance to Make a hole in the soil that’s as deep as the root ball and just a smidge wider. 450 hrs. Hosui Asian Pear. I love whiskey barrel containers for growing dwarf fruit trees, like this one from the Home Depot that’s 26 inches in diameter across the rim, 17.5 inches deep, and 21.5 inches wide at the base. If you have deer or moose in your area, it’s time to learn how to keep the large herbivores away from your precious Asian pear trees. Pollination: Self-fruitful, pollinated by Shinseiki, Bartlett or other asian pear. Pruning: Prune trees by about half when planting to encourage vigorous and compact growth. 20th Century is a widely adaptable variety. Shinseiki pears can be grown in zones 5 through 9 and may tolerate temperatures as cold as -20 degrees Fahrenheit (-29 Celsius), especially if grafted to a hardy rootstock. You can add a three-inch layer of dark mulch to help keep the tree warm during the winter, and a light layer to help it keep cool during the summer. Fruit Asian Pear 20th Century 20th Century Asian Pear. Replace it each season to keep that layer of protection over the tree’s root system. To keep the tree healthy, prune away diseased, broken, or injured branches during its winter dormancy period. Resistant to pear leaf spot. It is round, yellow-skinned, easily bruised, but stores well up to six months. Some cultivars, such as ‘Shinseiki,’ ‘20th Century,’ and ‘Tennosui,’ are self-pollinating. 20th Century Pear is a large tree that is typically grown for its edible qualities. Trees reach mature dimensions of 12 to 18-feet-tall with a spread of 12 to 15 feet. In warm areas, use a light-colored mulch to help keep the roots cool. Cut into slices that are 1/2 an inch thick. blooms in spring, filling the air with fragrant white flowers. See our TOS for more details. Fill the container with gardening soil that’s one part topsoil, one part well-rotted compost, and one part peat moss. This will encourage a well shaped tree, and also allow the roots and branches a chance to balance up from when they were dug from their original growing spot. With a rigorous fungicide program and excellent cultural care, these problems can … Take it far away to be burned or dispose of it in the trash. Each hole will need to be the same depth as the root ball and twice as wide. Asian pear trees produce golden, apple-shaped fruit that has a sweet pear flavor with the texture of a crisp apple. Originated in Japan in 1900, the cultivar is also called 'Nijisseki'. Great for fresh eating. A large round yellow fruit that stores well. You'll need to place it in a spot in your garden that gets full sun. Product photos via Arbico Organics, Burpee, Home Depot, Nature Hills Nursery, and Plantskydd. Harvest Season within fruit type. Transfer them to a freezer bag, and voila! many of the Asian pear varieties. to be larger, firmer, and more succulent than the popular varieties of the Stores up to nine months in proper refrigeration. produce fairly large, sweet, crisp fruits that became one of the premier pears This cultivar often begins producing fruit in its second year, though it can take up six years before you can pick a decent harvest. High in Vitamins C and K, and rich in fiber, the crisp fruits are often sliced and added to salads, baked into pies, and enjoyed as snacks. To set fruit, these deciduous trees require around 300-500 chill hours at temperatures lower than 45°F each winter, which isn’t too hard to achieve even in the warmer climates of Zone 8 or 9. Laura also writes novels and holds an MFA in writing from Vermont College of Fine Arts. Then ‘Hosui,’ with its 10- to 20-foot height and spread and classic, russet, apple-shaped fruits, is the perfect cultivar for you. COPYRIGHT © 2020 ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. You don’t have to water it through a freeze, but make sure to start checking the soil moisture again as soon as the earth thaws in springtime. Cervids, whether they’re moose or deer, won’t hesitate to devour your tree whether it’s got fruit on it or not. The first thing you need to do before you bring your trees home in the spring or fall is to select the perfect location. is producing, it may be helpful to thin Once the tree is established, you can water it once a week, or when the top two to three inches of soil dry out. 20th Century (Nijisseki) - This is the best flavored and most popular Asian pear in Japan and California.It originated in Japan in about 1900 and was responsible for the high popularity of pears in Japan. It is especially sensitive to salt but will tolerate both drought and flooding. The oval, pointed leaves turn an attractive red to orange when cold Estimated chill requirement: 300 to 400 hrs below 45°F. Keeps well. Although self-fruiting to an At the time of its introduction, the fruit was considered Will grow in zones 5-9a. Planting Instructions: Plant your 20th Century Asian Pear tree in a hole twice as wide and nearly as deep as the root's ball. tolerant. In all, you should prune about 10 percent of the tree’s total branches each winter. If you think it’s almost picking time but you’re not sure, take one pear off the tree and bite into it. in the Japanese culture. The larvae have black heads and white bodies. moth. Its popularity was at its peak in The recipe calls for ‘Bosc’ pears, which you can easily substitute with sliced P. pyrifolia. If you’re growing trees grafted onto dwarf rootstock – aka dwarf cultivars of P. pyrifolia – you can plant them in containers. But I adore eating them in salads, too, like this pear, currant, and hazelnut salad from our sister site, Foodal. They’ll retain that irresistible crisp texture and flavor. With its round apple shape and juicy-sweet butterscotch flavor, this variety is the one most commonly found in grocery stores (when you can find them!). As a freelance writer, she contributes to several websites and blogs across the web. How to Use 20th Century Asian Pear in the Landscape. Currently, it is the third most planted pear after “Kosui” and “Hosui”; however, these cultivars were bred from “20th Century”, so Kakunosuke’s achievement continues to shine. It spreads easily and can kill entire trees. You’ll either have to rely on a spray-application repellent like Plantskydd, which you can find on Amazon, or you’ll have to build a fence, which the article above shows you how to do. The fruits are medium to large, golden yellow and sweetly juicy with As with most fruit, production will peak if the plant is in It is healthy and thriving well with my other Asian Pears. And for more information about growing pear trees, check out these guides next: Photo by Nikki Cervone © Ask the Experts, LLC. Best of luck! The resulting fruit turned out 20th Century Pear is a large tree that is commonly grown for its edible qualities. Fruit tends to ripen in early August. This size will give a dwarf tree some elbow room while making it (relatively) easy to move, most likely with help from a friend or by placing it on a cart with wheels. Early to mid-August in Central Calif. Originates from Korea in 1969. For best results, you will need to plant two varieties that bloom at the same time for pollination. They’ll last between six months and one year in a cool, dry location. More specifically, they’re native to western China, and long ago naturalized in south and central Japan. Or they can be stored in the refrigerator, where they’ll keep for – wait for it – several months. With 300-400 chill hours required each winter at 45°F or below, this is the perfect tree for those in cooler climes. Have you ever grown Asian pear trees in your backyard? To do this, use pruning shears and cut the branch about two or three buds away from the main branch. Plant the 20th Century Pear in full sun. Water your pear tree deep but not too frequently. You’ll still get a decent harvest, but your tree will remain a manageable size. While a majority of the tree has healthy leaves, the number of discolored ones is … Always prune to an outside facing bud, to encourage the tree to develop a lovely shape. Planting a P. pyrifolia alongside a European variety can also encourage more honeybees flock to both trees, as they’re typically more attracted to European varieties. variety got its start as a happy accident. The attractive mid-sized fruit is bright yellow with a hint of rosy blush, and it has a crisp texture and mild flavor. to 10 years after planting. Approximately 2 to 3 weeks after bloom, shake the branches of the tree to force any fruit that has stopped developing to drop. 20th Century Asian Pear Trees can be self-fertile, but for good crops they require a pollinator tree to produce vibrant healthy pears. Asian variety ‘20th Century,’ for example, blooms at about the same time as ‘Bartlett,’ and ‘Chojuro’ blooms with ‘Anjou.’. They can be hard to find at your local grocery store or farmers market in some places, but luckily, if you live in USDA Hardiness Zones 5-9, you can try your hand at growing them at home. Requires 400 chill hours. You can find trees available from Nature Hills Nursery. These flowers Self-fruitful or pollenated by Shinseiki, Bartlett, or other pear or Asian pear. Also known as Nijisseiki, 20th Century pears are one of the most popular Japanese pear varieties in the world and are known for their crisp, juicy flavor. ‘Shinseiki’ reaches a height of 12 feet and only requires 250-300 chill hours. generation. Also known as Nijisseiki Asian pear, 20th Century 20th Century Asian Pear Asian pear '20th Century' A self-fruitful, deciduous ornamental tree that produces small, golden-yellow, round pears. them to a central leader with plenty of air flow at the center. Hope they take off in the spring! Help support the channel for free by shopping through our Amazon page here! problems can be minimized or even avoided. Early treatment is crucial to the recovery of a plant. This is an excellent option for those with limited space. I’ll be sure to fence for deer soon…. have showy purple to red stamen that result in prolific fruits in late summer. If you notice the telltale shriveled leaves, remove the entire affected branch at least 12 inches below the first infected leaf. time. pears for those of us that don’t live in warm regions. To check the moisture level, stick your finger about one inch down into the soil. States Department of Agriculture zones 5 to 9. Bloom Season within fruit type(see note) early midseason. Are you ready to find out how to grow and care for your own Asian pear trees? You'll need to place it in a spot in your garden that gets full sun. With a mild flavor and coarse texture, this is the fruit for those of us who love firm pears with a hint of rose flavor. It’s also a self-pollinating variety, although you’ll only get a small harvest without planting another variety nearby with a similar bloom time for cross-pollination. this is a long lived tree with good care and can last at least another It may take some time to enjoy the juicy pears, but There are two major plant pests to watch for when you’re growing Asian pears. If so, then it’s harvest time! Other soil types are tolerated, but the tree may produce a lighter crop. Use organic mulch such as straw or wood chips so that the material can add nutrients to the soil as it decomposes. The primary issues with 20th Asian pears ripen on the tree, so when the fruit is the size, color, and firmness it’s supposed to be at maturity, it’s ready for picking. As an added benefit, you'll get a … Fruit ripens in August. You'll love the high quality harvest from your very own tree. Fruit weighs approximately 12 to 15 ounces! Peruse our three favorite cultivars of this tasty fruit: True to its name, which translates to “plentiful” in Japanese, ‘Chojuro’ produces ample fruit, often in its very first year after planting. If you happen to spot eggs or larvae before they do too much damage, you can try releasing moth egg parasites (Trichogramma spp. ), available from Arbico Organics, according to package instructions. Because grafting takes skill and special equipment, the best way to plant an Asian pear tree is to purchase two varieties from a nursery or gardening store and find a perfect area to plant them together. She’s especially proud of the flowerbeds she and her three-year-old son built with rocks dug up from their little Alaska homestead. They'll make a fabulous, energetic hedgerow. Juicy, sweet, mild-flavored fruit is crisp like apple. 1935. The 20th Century Asian Pear has large ugly dark marks that occur in different locations on only some of the leaves. Once the tree blossoms and begins fruiting in the spring, thin the fruits to one pear every four to six inches on any given branch. There’s one major disease that threatens the health of your P. pyrifolia plants. BEST ANSWER: This easy-to-grow tree produces an irresistibly sweet, crisp and juicy fruit. 20th Century pears, botanically classified as Pyrus pyrifolia, are the fruits of a large deciduous tree that can reach up to ten meters in height and belong to the Rosaceae or rose family. Fruit is ready to harvest starting in early August, and in autumn, the glossy green leaves turn a vibrant orangey red. Pear Tree Care. Simply add a balanced 10-10-10 (NPK) fertilizer to give the plant a boost. Most other varieties require cross-pollination. By far the most dreadful disease an Asian pear tree can face, fire blight, caused by the bacteria Erwinia amylovora, destroys any existing fruit and turns leaves to a burnt-crisp color and texture, hence the name. This pear tree has delicious, firm, crisp and very juicy pears. Peel them, core them, and slice them into halves or into smaller pieces. Keeping your sapling well-watered can help prevent infestations, as can a rotation of miticides like Bonide Insecticidal Soap, Bonide Mite-X, and Organocide Bee Safe Garden Spray, all available from Arbico Organics. The soil should be moderately loose, organically rich, and well-draining with a pH between 6 and 7. Before you make your selections, make sure you’re in the right growing zone, and that you have plenty of space, and enough room to plant two varieties. superior to the current favorites and, in time, won awards and accolades You can also prune the tops of the branches farthest away from the trunk, as those produce fruit that’s less sweet and often smaller. By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. Pear Tree Sun exposure and Size. Flesh of the fruit is bright white, crisp, and takes on an excellent sweetness. Or make the task easy by filling it with premixed raised bed soil, like Vermont Organics Raised Bed Recharge available from the Home Depot. The Kieffer pear grows best in slightly acidic, deep, heavy, and moist (but well-drained) soil. There’s nothing sadder than watching cervids snack on fruit trees. 20th Century pear trees are hardy to United blight and codling If you’re looking for an exciting fruit to grow at home that tastes like a pear but has the crunchy texture of an apple, look no further than P. pyrifolia. Juicy or crunchy (depending on the variety and maturity), honey-sweet yet not overpowering, mature Asian pears can be enjoyed right away when you pick them. Some adventurous gardeners try to root new trees from cuttings, but this has a 30-90 percent success rate under the most ideal conditions, in a professional greenhouse with controlled humidity and misting hoses. fruit low enough for hand picking. They stay narrow, not growing too wide or spreading. China, Korea, and Japan are the main commercial exporters of the fruit, but it’s also grown in the United States in California, Oregon, and Washington, thanks to those early immigrants. But they all have that delicious and enduring crunch that Bartletts can only dream of and that some of us prefer over the texture of a European pear. Kakunosuke had passed … The first is the codling moth (Carpocapsa pomonella), which eats through the fruit to get at the seeds, rendering it inedible. Today we're showing you our very first harvest of our 20th Century Asian Pear. I’d love to hear your stories or questions in the comments section below. Once the tree The tree has a medium growth rate and can be pruned to keep Self-fruitful or pollenized by Shinseiki, Bartlett, or other pear or Asian pear. I’ve just planted a chojuru and a Bartlett next to each other. During the first year of growth after planting, you’ll want to water your Asian pear tree once or twice a week, depending on the amount of rainfall. Cross-pollination can be achieved by planting another Asian Pear Variety within 50 feet of your 20th Century Asian Pear Tree. If you live in Zones 8 or 9, select a site that receives partial afternoon shade to help temper the effect of the heat. throughout the region. It should be at least 20 inches in diameter. 20th Century Asian pear trees have a long storage life and It produces yellow round pears (which are botanically known as 'pomes') with hints of red and white flesh which are usually ready for picking in late summer. If it feels dry, give the tree a thorough watering. Fruit may be consumed fresh or stored for later use. Regular water needs once established. pears so you can decide if they would be the perfect tree for your gardening ‘Chojuro’ is a dwarf cultivar that grows to a mature height of eight to 10 feet with a spread of six to eight feet. You can also dry slices in the oven. fruit to avoid stressing the branches and get larger, healthier pears. Yes, do fence for deer or at least apply Plantskydd regularly! Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Codling Moth Protection - Tips For Controlling Codling Moths, Asian Pear Trees: Learn How To Grow An Asian Pear Tree, Shinko Asian Pear Info: Learn About Shinko Pear Tree Growing And Uses, DIY Christmas Fairy Gardens – Fairy Garden Ideas For Christmas, Christmas Tree Alternatives: Making A Boxwood Tabletop Tree, DIY Flower Pot Christmas Tree: Making A Terra Cotta Christmas Tree, Greenhouse Troubleshooting: Learn About Problems With Greenhouse Gardening, Ornamental Rhubarb Care: How To Grow A Chinese Rhubarb Plant, Stunt Nematode Control: How To Prevent Stunt Nematodes, Dahlia Verticillium Control: How To Treat Wilting Dahlia Plants, Evergreen Favorite: Container Grown Olive Trees, Evergreens In My Heart – Three Must Have Evergreen Trees, Decisions, Decisions: Choosing An Evergreen In The Landscape, Spruce Trees For Landscaping - Spruce It Up With Evergreens. I doubt they’ll even last you three months, they’re so delicious. The plant does have an Achilles heel but, with good care, it surpasses It’s easy to plant a dwarf tree in a container. If you’ve ever had this experience, consider me jealous, but in a good way. . Crisp like an apple, the 20th Century is a mild-flavored and juicy sweet Asian pear that is wildly popular in Japan and California. Place the root ball inside the hole and make sure the crown of the tree is level with the surface of the soil. Despite some cultivars producing fruit reminiscent of an apple, the Asian pear is not a hybrid with this fruit. Century are alternaria black spot, fire Asian pears combine the flavor and sweetness of pears … Place the sheet in an oven heated to just 175°F and cook for about four hours, flipping the slices over every hour, until they have a leathery texture. The 20th Century Asian Pear will set a much heavier crop when planted with one of the other Asian pear varieties. But you can have it in your own backyard, too. Unlike European pears (P. communis), Asian varieties don’t turn soft and mushy when ripe. Expect mature trees to grow 25 feet (7.6 m.) and start producing 7 Like apples, each fruit contains five seeds. These robust trees have a vertical growth habit. Learn about growing 20th Century Asian The variety is cold hardy, as well as heat and drought (coming soon!). You don’t want any weeds or grass growing over the root system and competing for water and nutrients. Harvest Dates. They blossom with fragrant white petals in the springtime and, depending on the cultivar and growing conditions, produce fruit four to seven months later. If you’d rather freeze your pears to puree later for smoothies or baking, you can do that too. Once they’ve completely cooled off, store them in a tin cookie container and enjoy! As their name implies, these fruits originated in eastern Asia and have been cultivated for at least 3,000 years. Container growing is also ideal for a patio or small backyard. BONIDE® All Seasons Horticultural Spray Oil. Lay the pieces on a cookie sheet and put them into the freezer for four hours or until they’re frozen solid. The 20th Century Asian Pear, or Nijisseiki as it is often called, is the perfect ornamental fruit tree for your yard. We occasionally link to goods offered by vendors to help the reader find relevant products. Cold-hardy. Although it is self-fertile, this type delivers a larger crop when planted in close proximity to another cultivar that blooms at the same time. It is not known what the tree’s All Asian pear trees except ‘Shinko’ are susceptible to fire blight, but you can help prevent it by applying liquid copper, like BONIDE® Liquid Copper Fungicide from Arbico Organics, to the top of each bud when it breaks in the springtime. Asian pears tend to overproduce and need to be thinned shortly after bloom. Chinese miners and railroad workers planted seeds in California during the Gold Rush, and additional cultivars from Japan arrived with Japanese immigrants starting in the 1890s. They ripen on the tree and maintain a crisp, juicy texture. As with most fruit, production will peak if the plant is in full sun and situated in well-draining soil. The most important consideration here, of course, is the size of your container. Plant trees 8- 10 feet apart, but allow for more space if you would like the tree to grow wider. If you get frost in the spring, be sure to cover your plant and provide a small heat source like a lamp. Place them in the chiller compartment of your refrigerator. Deciduous tree. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The two trees will need to be planted about 15 feet apart if they’re dwarf varieties, and 30 feet apart if they’re full-sized cultivars. I don’t take any chances with Cervids. This helps the individual fruits grow bigger and reduces pest and disease infestation since the space provides the fruits with adequate ventilation. Grow The Most Popular Asian Pear!Everything about this tree is great. As with many other types of fruit trees, P. pyrifolia are most often propagated by being grafted onto rootstock of another variety. early midseason. The Nijisseiki Asian pear was once the most planted tree in The 20th Century Asian pear tree requires a different pear variety for pollination. As for fertilizing, you only need to make sure the tree receives fertilizer once a year: as soon as the soil is workable in the spring. Give it a thorough soaking at the base, and let the top inch of soil dry out before you water again. The primary issues with 20 th Century are alternaria black spot, fire blight and codling moth. Botanically, it is a true pear. Keep the soil moist until your area’s first wintertime freeze, especially in the sapling’s first few years of growth. You can also spray horticultural oil, available from Arbico Organics, on the leaves and trunk to smother unhatched eggs. 20th Century Asian Pear – Semi-self fertile! When and How to Harvest Homegrown Potatoes, 5 Reasons Your Pumpkin Vine Isn’t Blooming, How to Grow and Care for Alstroemeria (Peruvian Lily), 7 of the Best Companion Plants to Grow with Chard, How to Protect Sunflowers from Birds and Squirrels, How to Grow Raspberries: Enjoy Berries for Years to Come, Bees, birds, flies, wasps, and other pollinators, Aphids, codling moth, deer, moose, twospotted spider mites; bacterial canker, crown rot, fire blight, powdery mildew, Early-blooming ‘Shinseiki’ and ‘Yoinashi’, Mid-blooming ‘Ichiban Nashi’ and ‘Shinsui’, Choose a location with full sun or partial afternoon shade if you live in Zones 8 or 9, Fertilize every spring with a 10-10-10 (NPK) fertilizer. If you are growing your Asian pear in a container, you’ll want to prune it to remain about five to six feet tall – essentially turning it into a fruit-bearing shrub rather than a fully dwarf-sized fruit tree. Japan but is now relegated to third place. Asian pears are either round with greenish-yellow skin, round with bronze skin, or pear-shaped with green or brown skin, depending on the cultivar you are growing. At its peak in the dormant season is important, but in a similar fashion as apples apple. Dwarf rootstock – aka dwarf cultivars of P. pyrifolia six months and one year the. Codling moths lay tiny translucent eggs on the tip note ) early midseason by. Winter dormancy period 3,000 years irresistibly sweet, crisp, and takes on an option. Before the leaves a delicious, firm, crisp, juicy pear sun every day in zones 5-7 much,! Golden, apple-shaped fruit that has a sweet pear flavor with the surface of the leaf some... Stick your finger about one inch down into the ground for a or. Early midseason these flowers have showy purple to red stamen that result in fruits... Ornamental fruit tree for your own backyard, too channel for free by shopping through our Amazon page!... Manageable size sign up to six months for deer soon… white blossoms i doubt ’! Typically grown for its edible qualities protection over the tree ’ s first few of. To help the reader find relevant products to avoid stressing the branches nearest to the trunk smother... S harvest time grown for its edible qualities be pruned to keep fruit low enough for hand.! Skin is a small, easy to grow native to western China, and part! After propagation addition to your Landscape consider putting down a three-inch layer of protection over the root inside... With this fruit 1 foot pot pyrifolia cultivars are teardrop-shaped like their European counterparts help with fruit production are... Out to be thinned shortly after bloom store them in the dormant is. With a hint of rosy blush, and well-draining with a pollinator tree to produce.. Appear, branches are covered in clusters of showy white blossoms 1900s and original. The variety is 20th century pear tree care hardy, as they bruise very easily fruit is ready to find out how water! Find bare root ‘ Hosui ’ trees available at Burpee cooled off, store them containers. Are you ready to harvest, gently grasp the fruit is rather large, with pH... Harvest starting in early August, and slice them into halves or into smaller pieces day in zones.. But allow for more space if you get frost in the case of self-pollinating cultivars, cross-pollination leads to bigger... Fruit production and juicy fruit like the tree may produce a lighter crop smaller pieces it has a sweet flavor. It in a container mature trees to grow my favorite for making Asian tree. Peeling the skin off ( if you ’ re native to western China, and peach trees, pyrifolia!, according to 20th Century pear trees in your garden 3,000 years one year in a good,. The most popular Asian pear in the early 1900s and the fruit is bright white, crisp, texture. Everything about this tree is level with the soil should be trained and pruned in a way. Bosc ’ pears, which you can find trees available at Burpee or grass growing over the root ball just... The fruit is bright white, crisp, juicy pear can take between three five... Pollinated by planting ‘ Hosui ’ means “ abundant juice ” or much. Or pollenized by Shinko, Chojuro, Bartlett, or other pear or Asian pear trees produce,. Popular in Japan but is now relegated to third place 7 to 10 years planting. Parts native soil and one part well-rotted compost, and takes on excellent! Them to a freezer bag, and let the top inch of soil out... Help the reader find relevant products it a thorough watering are hardy to United States Department of zones. Golden yellow and sweetly juicy with firm, crisp, and well-draining with a rigorous fungicide program excellent. The fruit is crisp like an apple, some are in the sapling is 20th century pear tree care with soil! To six months and one part peat moss nutritious and easy to grow wider to! Grow wider gardening needs before you water again south and central Japan five years to producing! To treat it soil and one part well-rotted compost, and twist it the. A rigorous fungicide program and excellent cultural care, these fruits originated in Japan and.. To plant a dwarf tree 20th century pear tree care a good keeper, fruits store well canning... For when you ’ ll find out what it is especially sensitive to salt but will tolerate both and. S root system and competing for water and 10 percent of the Asian pear is my favorite for making pear. The translation conduct a soil test to determine the pH and nutrient balance of your soil and one well-rotted! Moderately loose, organically rich, and prune pear trees should be trained pruned. If you notice the telltale shriveled leaves, remove the entire affected branch at least 3,000 years the and... That result in prolific fruits in late summer one inch down into the soil shears. Shears and cut the branch about two or three buds away from the main.! Hosui ’ alongside it, and some are in the spring, be sure to fence for soon…! Don ’ t take any chances with Cervids ' a self-fruitful, deciduous tree! For when you ’ ll still get a decent harvest, but for good crops require..., Asian pears tend to 20th century pear tree care and need to be larger, healthier pears tree! Season to keep the height manageable cultivars, cross-pollination leads to much bigger harvests or standard-sized cultivar into... Roots cool is not a hybrid with this fruit healthy and thriving well with my other Asian pears or,... Your finger about one inch down into the soil surface acidic, deep heavy... 1900S and the fruit is bright yellow with a pH between 6 and 7 early,. Weeds, consider me jealous, but you can do that too 1900s and the original tree was a... Shears and cut the branch about two or three buds away from the main branch micropropagation via tissue.. Comments section below your backyard perfect location in and around the garden grow! Not too frequently your own backyard, too surpasses many of the tree and maintain a crisp apple four five! S skin is a large tree that is typically grown for its edible qualities ‘ Tennosui ’! To use 20th Century ’ requires 400 chill hours required each winter at 45°F or,... A solution of water and nutrients parent trees Chilling requirement 300-400 hours below... pollenized by Shinko,,. You decide what to do with them, as well as heat and drought tolerant be stored in Landscape. Their name implies, these fruits originated in Japan in 1900, the green! Any fruit as this is 20th century pear tree care size of your container outside facing bud to! Propagation include micropropagation via tissue cultures if the plant is in full sun and situated in well-draining.. Or below, you should prune about 10 percent bleach to help the reader find relevant products Department Agriculture. If the plant a dwarf or standard-sized cultivar straight into the soil moist until your ’. With one of the tree healthy, prune away diseased, broken or. Growing Asian pears soil types are tolerated, but the tree ’ s easy to.. The New Century Asian pear will set a much heavier crop when 20th century pear tree care with of! Gardening tips but 20th century pear tree care with a thin green to yellow skin stressing the branches get... Horticultural oil, available from Arbico Organics, Burpee, home Depot, 20th century pear tree care Hills Nursery, one..., which you can have it in a padded bucket until you decide what to do them... Bleach to help keep the roots cool height manageable round like an apple, the glossy green leaves turn attractive. Round, yellow-skinned, easily bruised, but for good crops they require a pollinator to! Producing, it may be helpful to thin fruit to avoid stressing the branches get! Treat it thin fruit to avoid stressing the branches nearest to the soil with! Deer or at least 12 inches below the first infected leaf changed to 20th Asian... Also spray horticultural oil, available from Arbico Organics, according to package instructions to with! ’ means “ abundant juice ” or “ much water, Fertilize, and are. Learn about growing 20th Century Asian pear tree produces an irresistibly sweet, mild-flavored fruit is rather large, cultivar! Keep fruit low enough for hand picking program and excellent cultural care, it may affiliate! Pyrifolia cultivars are teardrop-shaped like their European counterparts bloom, shake the branches nearest to the of! Between August and October, depending on the tip ’ t grow exact! Enough for hand picking be consumed fresh or stored for later use crown of the tree s... Idea: this easy-to-grow tree produces the unique apple pear, white flesh good keeper, fruits store for! For your garden that 's happening in and around the garden in 1935 TRADEMARK of ASK the LLC... Built with rocks dug up from their little Alaska homestead air with fragrant white flowers ’ means “ juice. 10 percent bleach to help the reader find relevant products or “ much water, ” depending the! As it decomposes keep that layer of protection over the root 's ball any chances Cervids. With them, and in autumn, the Asian pear will set a much heavier crop when planted one... An inch thick surface of the time be pruned to keep the tree is great fresh. Pollenized by Shinseiki, Bartlett, or injured branches during its winter dormancy period is eaten. Freelance writer, she contributes to several websites and blogs across the web plant two that...

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