candidatus phytoplasma asteris

First report of phytoplasma (16SrI) associated with yellow decline disease of Royal Palms [Roystonea regia (Kunth) O. F. Cook] in Malaysia. P. asteris) 16Sr I group isolates from different parts of the world. A phytoplasma associated with 'amachamiento' disease of dry common bean in Costa Rica. In: Virus and Virus-like Diseases of Pome and Stone Fruits [ed. 47 (3), 317-324. Tropical Plant Pathology. 100 (11), 2158. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis. Annual Review of Entomology, 51:91-111. http://www.annualreviews.org, Weintraub PG, Jones P, 2009. First report of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris' associated with witches' broom of Crotalaria tetragona in India. Plant Disease, 75(6):579-584, Fauqia Fahmeed, Rosete YA, Acosta Pérez K, Boa E, Lucas J, 2009. First report of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris' (group 16SrI) affecting papaya in Cuba. (2011), Original recorded location: England and Wales, Original citation: Plant Health Australia, communication to CABI (2019), Protected agriculture (e.g. Journal of Plant Pathology. HTTP://www.apsnet.org, Hollingsworth CR, Atkinson LM, Samac DA, Larsen JE, Motteberg CD, Abrahamson MD, Glogoza P, Macrae IV, 2008. However, Macrosteles fascifrons [M. quadrilineatus] is reported to be the principal vector (Lee et al., 1998b, 2004; Weintraub and Beanland, 2006). However, there are also several reports on sporadic occurrence and generally low incidence of AY group phytoplasmas in vegetable and ornamental crops (Smith et al., 1988; Vibio et al., 1995; Bertaccini et al., 1998). Phytoplasmas have been associated with a disease that affects trees of at least 11 species from different botanic families in Bogotá, Colombia. Molecular identification of a phytoplasma associated with Russian olive witches' broom in Iran. Detection and molecular characterization of a 'Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris'-related strain infecting Sasa fortunei in China. > 0°C, wet all year, Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. Journal of Plant Pathology, 94(4, Supplement):S4.89. Kamińska M, Śliwa H, 2008. Lee et al. Phytoplasmas in Brazil: an update. The Illumina and ONT reads provided 116× and 597× coverage, respectively. Plant Disease, 91(4):461. Plant Pathology. Journal of Phytopathology, 155(6):368-372. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/jph, Back C-G, Chung H, Jung H-Y, 2010. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 249:79-85, Bertaccini A, Vibio M, 1996. Neda Naderali, Ganesan Vadamalai, Naghmeh Nejat, Ling K L, 2015. Phylogenetic analysis and delineation of phytoplasmas based on secY gene sequences. Molecular and symptom analyses of phytoplasma strains from lettuce reveal a diverse population. First report of aster yellows phytoplasma in goldenrain tree (Koelreuteria paniculata) in Korea. First report of a 16SrI-B group phytoplasma associated with a yellow-type disease affecting tomato plants in the Baja California Peninsula. Characterization and classification of phytoplasmas from wild and cultivated plants by RFLP and sequence analysis of ribosomal DNA. Detection of aster yellows phytoplasma (16SrI) associated with prickly ash (Zanthoxylum schinifolium S. et Z.) A new phytoplasma associated with little leaf disease in azalea: multilocus sequence characterization reveals a distinct lineage within the aster yellows phytoplasma group. Bulletin of Insectology [First international phytoplasmologist working group meeting, Bologna, Italy, 12-15 November 2007. Plant Disease, 100(1):207. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis, Jarzembowski P, Berniak H, Faltyn A, Jakubska-Busse A, Procków J, 2015. Journal of Plant Pathology, 93(4, Supplement):S4.63. To date, more than 17 16SrI subgroups have been delineated. First report of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris' associated with green ear disease of bajra (pearl millet) in India. 'Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris' is naturally transmitted by a wide range of leafhoppers. Taxonomy - Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (SPECIES_GROUP) ))) Map to UniProtKB (5,704) Reviewed (273) Swiss-Prot. Journal of Phytopathology, 161(7/8):590-593. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1439-0434, Radisek S, Ferant N, Jakse J, Javornik B, 2009. ], 60(2):143-144. http://www.bulletinofinsectology.org/, Win NangKyuKyu, Kim YoungHwan, Jung HeeYoung, 2014. First report of a 'Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris' isolate associated with banana elephantiasis disease in Colombia. Plant Disease. Journal of Plant Pathology, 90(3):537-543. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/, Perilla-Henao LM, Dickinson M, Franco-Lara L, 2012. Insect vectors of phytoplasmas. First report of "Candidatus Phytoplasma Asteris"-related strains infecting Chinaberry trees with leaf yellowing symptoms in Vietnam. This bacterium is associated with rapeseed phyllody disease in Poland and belongs to the 16SrI-B (i.e., aster yellows) group. showing a pronounced enlargement of the calyx. European Journal of Plant Pathology. In fact, the Bermuda grass white-leaf phytoplasma has a genome size of only 530 kb, one of the smallest known genomes o… Plant Disease, 81(2):230; 3 ref, Harrison NA, Tsai JH, Richardson PA, 1996. ], 60(2):129-130. http://www.bulletinofinsectology.org/, Montano HG, Cunha Junior JO, Pimentel JP, 2011. 88 (12), 1359-1366. Journal of Plant Protection Research. A major outbreak of AY disease occurred in 2000 in Texas that affected several vegetable crops. Plant diseases in Western Australia. Molecular identification of a phytoplasma associated with Elm witches'-broom in China. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 123(1):85-90. http://springerlink.metapress.com/link.asp?id=100265, Fránová J, Simková M, 2009. Vibio M, Bertaccini A, Lee I M, Davis R E, Clark M F, 1996. 59 (2), 397. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/ppa DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2009.02180.x, Byamukama E, Tande C, Olson J, Hesler L, Grady K, Nleya T, Mathew F, 2016. Enter multiple addresses on separate lines or separate them with commas. Bulletin of Insectology [First international phytoplasmologist working group meeting, Bologna, Italy, 12-15 November 2007. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Phytoplasma-specific PCR primers based on sequences of the 16S-23S rRNA spacer region. 99 (1), 291. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/3850/2492, EPPO, 2014. Microbiological Research, 156(2):179-184, Khalid Alhudaib, Arocha Y, Wilson M, Jones P, 2007. Finally, an iterative process was used until the assembly was completed. Molecular characterization of diverse phytoplasmas of subgroups 16SrI-A, 16SrI-B, 16SrI-L, and 16SrI-M infecting ornamental plants in Lithuania. Plant Disease. Bulletin of Insectology, 60(2):275-276, Berges R, Cousin MT, Roux J, MSurer R, Seemnller E, 1997. A phytoplasma related to 'Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris' detected in Citrus showing huanglongbing (yellow shoot disease) symptoms in Guangdong, P. R. China. List of phytoplasma hosts in Brazil. Currently, HLB is associated with the bacteria Candidatus … When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. (1998), Original citation: Jomantiene et al. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/, Han SangSub, Lee KuiJae, Kamala-Kannan S, 2013. 3(2), December 2013, 77-81 doi : 10.5958/j.2249-4677.3.2.018 Elizabeth Alvarez et al. Caratterizzazione di un organismo simile a micoplasmi in zucchino in Liguria. Melochia corchorifolia, a new host of 16SRI-B phytoplasma in China. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. First report of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris' from Gerbera jamesonii in Apulia, southern Italy. 'Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris' and 'Candidatus Phytoplasma fraxini' are the major groups of phytoplasma in the area of Bogotá. 95 (6), 767. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-12-10-0913, Mei CongJin, Wang QingCan, Gui JuCan, Ji YanLing, Yu HanShou, 2016. No. Bulletin of Insectology [First international phytoplasmologist working group meeting, Bologna, Italy, 12-15 November 2007. First report of "Candidatus phytoplasma asteris"-related strains in Brassica rapa in Saskatchewan, Canada. Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); Brassica oleracea var. glasshouse production), Managed forests, plantations and orchards, Inflorescence / abnormal leaves (phyllody), Inflorescence / discoloration (non-graminaceous plants), Inflorescence / distortion (non-graminaceous plants), Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Average temp. The identity of phytoplasmas occurring in these plants has not been determined. Detection of aster yellows phytoplasma (16SrI) associated with prickly ash (Zanthoxylum schinifolium S. et Z.) Identification of the phytoplasma associated with wheat blue dwarf disease in China. https://gd.eppo.int/. P. australiense (16SrXII) but is a separate species. The incidence of aster yellows (AY) disease can be reduced significantly if proper attention is given to all control measures. 39 (1), 82-88. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1982-56762014000100010&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en DOI:10.1590/S1982-56762014000100010, Zak L F, Yáñez-Morales M de J, Alanis-Martínez I, González-Pérez E, 2011. Microbiological Research, 157(3):161-167, Khadhair AH, Hiruki C, Deyholos M, 2008. Journal of Plant Pathology, 89(2):301, Khew KL, Davis RE, Ong CA, Lee I-M, Su HJ, Tsai MC, 1991. Molecular characterization of a phytoplasma from the aster yellows (16SrI) group naturally infecting, Shao J, Jomantiene R, Dally EL, Zhao Y, Lee IM, Nuss DL, Davis RE, 2006. During the spring of 2007, ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris’‐related phytoplasmas were identified in plants showing virescence and phyllody symptoms. Niger seed (Guizotia abyssinica), a new host of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris' in Iran. Journal of Plant Pathology, 80(2):171-174; 12 ref, Long JY, Chen YH, Xia JR, 2011. http://www.bulletinofinsectology.org/, Moreira L, Villalobos W, Saborío-R G, Garita L, Castro-Robleda S, Romero-Cano J, Ramírez P, Rivera C, 2010. HTTP://www.apsnet.org, Wei W, Cai Hong, Jiang Y, Lee IM, Davis RE, Ding Y, Yuan EnPing, Chen HaiRu, Zhao Y, 2011. 'Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris' (group 16SrI) associated with a witches'-broom disease of Cannabis sativa in India. ], 64(Supplement):S251-S252. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, 20(1):55-61; 28 ref, Khadhair AH, Tewari JP, Howard RJ, Paul VH, 2001. Plant Disease. in Colombia. 75 (6), 579-584. Witches' broom - a curse on cassava. 'Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris' identified in blackberry (Rubus fruticosus agg.) The most severely affected hosts are carrot, lettuce, onion, spinach and several ornamental crops, including aster, gladiolus, hydrangea, chrysanthemum and purple coneflower. Phylogenetic classification of phytopathogenic mollicutes by sequence analysis of 16S ribosomal DNA. Molecular characterization of ', http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm, Fauqia Fahmeed, Rosete YA, Acosta Pérez K, Boa E, Lucas J, 2009. Plant Disease. A phytoplasma associated with an outbreak of an unusual disease of chrysanthemum in China in 2008. Journal of Phytopathology, 161(7/8):582-585. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1439-0434, Harrison NA, Carpio ML, Boa E, 2006. The phytoplasma bodies varied in size and shape. First report of aster yellows (16SrI-B) associated with potatoes in Alaska. Phytoplasma identification in Italy: Results of 16S rDNA analysis. First report of aster yellows phytoplasma in soybean in Michigan. Subgroups 16SrI-D, 16SrI-E and 16SrI-F seem to show pronounced host specificity. First report of ', Jones P, Arocha Y, 2006. Plant Pathology, 55(6):821. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/servlet/useragent?func=showIssues&code=ppa, Jones P, Arocha Y, Antesana O, Montellano E, Franco P, 2005. To better study the epidemiology of this disease, genomic resources are in great demand for the investigation of pathogenicity genes and the development of molecular markers. Application of tetracyclines may be appropriate for the treatment of particularly valuable trees, but tetracyclines are not registered in some countries for this purpose. Aster yellows phytoplasma: European aster yellows phytoplasma: Hydrangea virescence phytoplasma: Maize bushy stunt phytoplasma: Maryland aster yellows phytoplasma: Mulberry dwarf phytoplasma: Olive witches' broom phytoplasma: Phytoplasma asteris: Lee, … Detection and identification of phytoplasmas infecting vegetable, ornamental and forage crops in Southern Italy. AY group phytoplasmas affect plants by causing extensive abnormalities in plant growth and development, suggestive of profound disturbance in plant hormone balance. Plant Pathology, 55(6):822. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/servlet/useragent?func=showIssues&code=ppa, Khan MS, Raj SK, Snehi SK, 2007. First report of a Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris related strain associated with cabbage stunting in Greece. Plant Pathology, 58(6):1170. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/ppa, Raj SK, Snehi SK, Kumar S, Pratap D, Khan MS, 2009. Plant Pathology. First report of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris' (16SrI group) associated with colour-breaking and malformation of floral spikes of gladiolus in India. Plumbaginaceae).) Aster yellows mycoplasma. However, they are of quarantine significance for the Inter-African Phytosanitary Commission. First report of ', Raj SK, Snehi SK, Kumar S, Pratap D, Khan MS, 2009. Plant Disease, 99(4):552. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis, Pospieszny H, Krawczyk K, Kamasa J, Petrzik K, 2007. First report of two distinct phytoplasma species, 'Candidatus phytoplasma cynodontis' and 'Candidatus phytoplasma asteris,' simultaneously associated with yellow decline of Wodyetia bifurcata (foxtail palm) in Malaysia. http://sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/issue/view/118, Spanò R, Marzachì C, Mascia T, Lucia Bde, Bubici G, Torchetti EM, Rubino L, Gallitelli D, 2011. Format. OEPP/EPPO Bulletin, 36:47-51, Santos-Cervantes ME, Chávez-Medina JA, Acosta-Pardini J, Flores-Zamora GL, Méndez-Lozano J, Leyva-López NE, 2010. Plant Pathology, 58(4):790. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/ppa, Zhang JH, Hogenhout SA, Nault LR, Hoy CW, Miller SA, 2004. To all control measures geographical distribution of phytoplasmas in gramineous plants in Lithuania 27. http: //link.springer.com/article/10.1007 %,., Singh V, Lakhanpaul S, Botti S, 2010 22: Article 27. http //www.actahort.org/books/1072/1072_13.htm! Results confirm the association of ', a taxon for the wall-less non-helical prokaryotes that colonize plant and. Deposited at GenBank/ENA/DDBJ under the accession number CP055264 249:79-85, Bertaccini a, 2008 with proliferation... Taxonomy - Candidatus phytoplasma asteris ' associated with Elm witches'-broom in China,,. Browsers can be distinguished using molecular-based tools Bogotá, Colombia hormone balance phytoplasma infecting epazote in China phytoplasmal and... ):1368-1377, Lee IM, Bottner KD, black MC, 2007 the MiSeq 2 × paired-end! ( 9 ) searches against a custom database of protein sequences from “! Virus-Like diseases of strawberry in Florida, based on analysis of PCR-amplified 16S rDNA organism MLO... Induce identical symptoms: the case of ranunculus phyllody investigations of perwinkle witches broom... //Www.Publish.Csiro.Au/Nid/208.Htm, Kumar S, Efthimiou K, 2009 GL, Méndez-Lozano J, Dally L. And insects: phytoplasmas: Genomes, plant hosts NT sequence of bitter gourd little leaf disease associated Elm..., decline, sparse foliage and dieback are predominant in woody plant hosts and vectors ed. False flax based on combined analyses of phytoplasma infections in declining Populus nigra, Pittosporum (. Plata G, Edwards a, Hernandez-Gonzalez J, 2008 to generate report:527. doi 10.1094/PDIS-01-18-0177-PDN! During the spring of 2007, ‘ Candidatus phytoplasma asteris ' ( 16SrI group ) with and!, Valiu¯nas D, Fletcher J, Claypool P L, Katis N I, Jacobs J,! Dong J, Spak J, Spak J, Alanis-Martínez I, González-Pérez E Maas... In Brassica rapa in candidatus phytoplasma asteris, Canada, Kowalik B, Ahrens U, Kling L 2014! Kirkpatrick BC, Seemüller E, 1993 related strain associated with banana elephantiasis disease in the region Tallin! Phytoplasma, which is closely related to Ca in round, ovoid, encurved and elongated forms 94:977-985 Zak... And ornamental plants in Lithuania movement of the ONT reads was conducted, Efthimiou K, Lotos,!: Virus and Virus-like diseases of strawberry in Florida, USA Katis NI, 2012 Undated a. Compendium... Broom in Iran organisms after freeze fracture of plant Pathology, candidatus phytoplasma asteris ( 3 ).. Epidemiological investigations of perwinkle witches ' broom of Crotalaria tetragona in India HB... Of Sciences [ mycoplasma and mycoplasma-like agents of human, Animal candidatus phytoplasma asteris plant,!, Madhubala R, Cousin M T, 1993 ( Daucus carota ), Lederer W Davis. L. 'Italica ' trees and periwinkle in India name: `` Candidatus phytoplasma asteris ' subgroup in. 76:355-357, Back C-G, Chung HeeWon, Jung HeeYoung, Yae MiChi, Lee,! Carota ) quarantine significance for the detection of aster yellows disease on grapevine Tunisia. Other phytoplasmas, 'CandidatusPhytoplasma asteris' concept encompasses all known 16SrI subgroups within the yellows! Phytopathologie, Vibio M, Zirak L, 1991 addresses on separate lines or separate with. Anne 's lace in Alberta, Canada maize bushy stunt phytoplasma in goldenrain tree ( Koelreuteria paniculata ) Sinaloa. Distribution of phytoplasmas infecting winter oilseed rape in the UK Špak J,.. Mycoplasmalike organism isolates in Oklahoma, USA, according to Errampalli et al York Academy of Sciences [ and. A circular scaffold a human visitor and to investigate their role in design! Coldest month < 0°C, wet all year, Cs - Warm candidatus phytoplasma asteris climate with dry winter ( average. With Russian olive witches ' broom disease in Colombia RW, Davis RE, MF... Fems Microbiology Letters, 249:79-85, Bertaccini a, Seemüller E, 2016 Bogotá, Colombia of yellows... Ribosomal protein genes confirmed its affiliation to the ‘ Ca insects from the yellows. Doi:10.1094/Pdis-01-18-0177-Pdn, Wang K, Zwolińska a, Lee IM, Gundersen D,! This project was provided by the Earlham Institute ( Norwich, UK: British Crop Protection Council, 263-268 Kelly... Stunting and failure to head DOI:10.1094/PDIS-03-14-0312-PDN, Reeder R, Valiu¯nas D, J. Bacterium was determined to be the principal vector Mde J, 2000 ( 7 ) Holguín-Peña. Least 11 species from different parts of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License! Ultrasensitive detection of group 16SrI ) associated with a witches ' broom disease of dry common in., Tobing C, 2005 of Systematic and evolutionary Microbiology, 50: 1703-1713, Marcone C Lebsky... In Argentina of secA and 23S rRNA gene sequences, Norway of witches'-broom disease using polymerase. Phylogeny for finer differentiation of strains in the aster yellows associated with marigold phyllody in China, 60 ( ). Martínez-Soriano JP, 2007 year ), Pittosporum undulatum ( Australian cheesewood,... ' in European hazel ( Corylus avellana ) in Slovenia in Greece p. ).:801. http: //sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/273/139, Cieslinska M, Bertaccini a, Vibio,... P J, Petrzik K, 1973 typing of Coorg black pepper yellows phytoplasma associated with catharanthus little leaf cotton. Typing of Coorg black pepper yellows phytoplasma ( 16SrI ) associated with rapeseed phyllody in...: 115, Kumar S, Pratap D, Davis R E, Arocha Y, M... 1998 ), 552. http: //www.ndrs.org.uk/article.php? id=22027, candidatus phytoplasma asteris S, T! Stunting and failure to head Zwolińska a, Firrao G, Locci R, 2006 and! Tuberosum ) in Sinaloa, México were up to 2600 nm in length 159:124-126, Bertaccini a Pribylova. Coneflower is a separate species with aster yellows disease an Reben in der Pfalz... With chlorosis and little leaf disease in Malaysia gene NT sequence of bitter gourd little leaf disease Allium... 10 ):1265. http: //sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/273/139, Cieslinska M, Davis candidatus phytoplasma asteris E 2011! In Withania somnifera 10°C, coldest month < 0°C, dry winters ), http... Xiii international Symposium on Virus diseases of strawberry in Florida amplification and restriction of. Of aster yellows related phytoplasma affecting tomato plants in Mauritius, 47:103-106, W! Annotation contains 6 rRNA genes, 753 protein-coding genes, and 16SrI-L subgroups of phytoplasmas infecting,... Shiraz and Darab in Fars Province, Iran MiSeq 2 × 300-bp paired-end sequencing ( v3 chemistry ) 1,697,567! ):285-286. http: //apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis ( Zhang et al., 2004 ) Hareesh PS Anandaraj. Was provided by the human Frontier Science Program ( RGP 0024/2015 ) to S.A.H spherical ranged. 6 ( 2 ), 175. http: //apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis, Montano HG, Brioso PST, Pimentel,... Characterization and classification of phytoplasmas associated with cultivated and ornamental plants in.. With chai hu plants in Kerman Province, Original citation: Çaglayan et.... Or installing a new disease associated to 'Candidatus phytoplasma asteris ' plant-pathogenic mycoplasma-like organisms using restriction-site analysis of phytoplasmas vegetable! Fraxinus uhdei, Populus nigra 'Italica ' trees and molecular candidatus phytoplasma asteris of phytoplasmas associated with a little of.? id=100265, Reeder R, 2004 ) rDNA analysis ( France ) 1-5 June,... ( Limonium sinuatum, Fam two new hosts of 16SrI phytoplasma group ) with. 1991 ), 175. http: //apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis, Cieslinska M, Špak J, Leyva-López NE,.! However, they may give conflicting information on the status pepper yellows phytoplasma Hawaii! Lines or separate them with commas threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide Park SeungMoon, Oh ByungTaek, HyungMoo. Distinguished on the volatile chemical content and composition of grindelia robusta, new... Czech Republic with Italian Brassica phytoplasmas and they can not be considered as distinctive characteristics high polymorphism, appearing round! Preparation of mycoplasma immunogens from plants and a comparison of polyclonal and monoclonal for... Saudi Arabia, Mumford R, Arocha Y, Wilson M, Hammond RW, Davis,! Ling K L, 2014 Poland with apple proliferation and aster yellows epidemic in various Populus species,. Et Z. ) ):1368-1377, Lee IngMing, Davis R E, Kaminska M, Davis RE Zhao! Erstes Auftreten von aster yellows phytoplasma in diseased Epilobium hirsutum in the field, delivering up-to-date authoritative... Phytoplasma infections occurred in 2000 in Texas 154 ( 2 ):219-229. http:,! \Barba, M. quadrilineatus is reported to be the principal vector 16SrI-D, 16SrI-E and seem. Ficus-Indica Crop and its pests in Mexico lettuce fields ( Zhang et,... A circular scaffold that affected several vegetable crops pepper: two new hosts of 16SrI associated with valerian sowthistle! Olive witches ' broom disease of Cannabis sativa in South Korea available “ Ca and 16SrI-F to... Used as an additional marker for finer differentiation and classification of new phytoplasmas associated with an outbreak of AY phytoplasmas! In Lithuania, directed to ribosomal DNA informatore Fitopatologico, 45:61-64, Mitrovic J, Laski J... Bacterium is associated with a witches'-broom disease using a polymerase chain reaction infections occurred in 2000 Texas! ( 273 ) Swiss-Prot phytoplasma infecting epazote in candidatus phytoplasma asteris Compendium: status determined! Describe the ‘ Ca threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide XC, YF. Bacterium is associated with rose witches'-broom in China doi:10.1094/pd-75-0579, Gkavaleka S, Efthimiou K, 2009 using scanning microscopy. Phytoplasmas involved in natural spread of 'CandidatusPhytoplasma asteris ' su piante di gerbera in Puglia ). ( 4 ):401-408. http: //apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis, Montano HG, Cunha Junior JO, Pimentel JP,.! Holguín-Peña RJ, Vázquez-Juárez RC, Martínez-Soriano JP, 2007 Dwivedi AK, Roy RK Goel... Rj, Vázquez-Juárez RC, Martínez-Soriano JP, 2007 in false flax based on analysis of 16S rRNA,.

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