1 samuel 13 commentary

i. It is the common formula for denoting the age of a king at his accession, and the length of his reign. b. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. The Lord would have established thy kingdom for ever — The phrase, for ever, in Scripture, often signifies only a long time. and raise that man up to be the next king. When Saul was confronted with his sin he offered excuses. If David had some of our sins then we can have his heart. Perhaps many Israelites admired Saul for offering the sacrifice. Second, the people were scattered from him feeling that the battle wouldn’t be fought and that the plan wasn’t working out. Because the actual judgment for this sin was so far off we should regard Samuel’s pronouncement of judgment as an invitation to repentance. Though he was a king, he would not establish the monarchy in Israel. b. Saul probably felt that a quick response gave them the best chance to win the battle. : This was the first “regular” army for Israel. David thought that God was the goal. Add to my study list. The rest of the men he sent back to their homes. But they were found with Saul and Jonathan his son. In wanting to bless Samuel, Saul may also be trying to show Samuel how spiritual he is. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. And Samuel said to Saul, “You have done foolishly. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. According to the time set by Samuel: Samuel told Saul to wait for him at Gilgal. David also sinned yet God never took the kingdom from David and his descendants. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. But David thought it was important because it pleased and honored God. And the mistake is not great in the Hebrew. It may be that Saul wanted to keep re-living the glorious day when Samuel recognized and confirmed him as king before the entire nation. As long as we are weak and subjected to our spiritual enemies, they don’t mind us at all. : Samuel told Saul to wait for him at Gilgal. The same principle is true spiritually in our lives. We might imagine that the Philistine blacksmiths, even though they charged each Israelite a pim for sharpening, would never put too fine an edge on anything. He will be a prominent and wonderful part of 1 Samuel. Literally, the Hebrew says that Saul wanted to, Samuel – perhaps as a priest blesses the people. What can it avail to sacrifice to God, against God?” (Trapp), Now it happened, as soon as he had finished presenting the burnt offering, that Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him. He repeatedly demonstrated the ability to lead a successful attack. If you came earlier, I wouldn’t have done this.” But if Saul obeyed and trusted God, God would take care of Samuel and the timing. c. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him: This added to Saul’s anxiety. First, this was because these farm tools were the only weapons the Israelites had, so why make them so sharp? It would be easy to say that the kingdom was taken from Saul because he sinned and on one level, that was true; but it was more than that. Now it happened, as soon as he had finished presenting the burnt offering, that Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him. : Samuel knew Saul did something wrong. Though he was a king, he would not establish the monarchy in Israel. oud toen hij … When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger (for the people were distressed), then the people hid in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits. Revolt of the Israelites under Saul from the Philistines 1. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, and the LORD has commanded him to be commander over His people. (3-4) Jonathan initiates conflict with the Philistines. We can discover this by looking at the man who was. iii. Then Samuel arose: Samuel left probably knowing that the announcement of judgment was an invitation to repentance, and probably knowing that Saul would not repent. 1 Samuel 13:13 - Samuel said to Saul, Samuel said to Saul, "You have acted foolishly; you have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you, for now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. 2. Saul offered sacrifice without Samuel, and did it himself, though he was neither priest nor prophet. I couldn’t wait any longer.” Even though Saul. He knew the Philistines were assembling a huge army against him, and that once they were organized they would be much harder to beat. One company turned to the road to Ophrah, to the land of Shual, another company turned to the road. Two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in the mountains of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin. All Samuel wanted to hear was confession and repentance. For now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him, : Now Saul really overstepped his bounds. ). was king. But they were found with Saul and Jonathan his son. When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger: Jonathan was bold enough to launch the initial attack against the Philistines, but the men of Israel were not bold enough to now stand strong against their enemy. He needed to drink in praise like thirsty men drink water. Saul could have made supplication to the LORD in any number of ways. Can there be any devotion in disobedience? : From these words we might expect Saul to be “impeached” as king right then and there. Out of fear, out of panic, out of not knowing what else to do, Saul did something clearly sinful. In great fear (the people were distressed) they hid anywhere they could (in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits) or they fled across the Jordan River (to the land of Gad and Gilead). Soon Samuel will come and lead us in sacrifice before God. God is. (1) Because of Saul’s disobedience the kingdom had been torn from him, and it was Samuel’s duty to inform Saul of this (15:22-23, 26, and 28). For Saul, Saul was king. Then the Philistines gathered together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which, on the seashore in multitude. About six hundred men: Earlier, Saul had about 3,000 in his regular army (1 Samuel 13:2). Even when David didn’t do God’s will, he still knew God’s will was more important. a. Samuel put it plainly: you have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God. “And hereby God intended to teach them the vanity of all carnal confidence in men; and that they did not one jot less need the help and favour of God now than they did before, when they had no king.” (Poole). God commanded him to do something, and he did the opposite. Then we’ll go out and whip the Philistines!” But it didn’t happen like that. For now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. Even in difficult situations, they could worship the LORD. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. “This is the first place in which this brave and excellent man appears; a man who bears one of the most amiable characters in the Bible.” (Clarke). Yet this attack merely wakened the Philistines. All sin is a disregard of God, but David sinned more out of weakness and Saul more out of a disregard for God. Through this attack Jonathan proclaimed, “We won’t meekly surrender to the Philistines any longer.”. “My, there’s a man of action! Now that he was king, the men of Israel expected greater things from him. MT: ‘een jaar’. 1 SAMUEL 13. Since they were a seafaring people, the Philistines traded with the technologically sophisticated cultures to the west, especially the Greeks. Now, we see God allowed the Philistines to have a huge technological advantage over the Israelites. But our spiritual enemies have the same attitude as the Philistines. Saul felt he was in a lot of trouble. All Israel heard it said that Saul had attacked a garrison of the Philistines, : Saul plainly took credit for Jonathan’s bold attack on the. Saul thought it was important because it might help him win the battle. 1 Samuel 13:1 (NIV) Saul was thirty years old when he became king, and he reigned over Israel forty- two years. And Jonathan attacked the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba, and the Philistines heard of it. Now that he was king, the men of Israel expected greater things from him. It clearly says, “Israel had become an abomination to the Philistines.” As long as the Israelites stayed in their weak, defeated place, the Philistines thought they were great guys. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary provides a free-flowing commentary on the entire text of … A man after God’s heart has a soft, repentant heart. a. Footnotes. Jonathan attacked the garrison of the Philistines, : Jonathan was a remarkable military leader. i. He knew the Philistines were assembling a huge army against him, and that once they were organized they would be much harder to beat. f. A man after His own heart: What does this mean? 1. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. You have not kept the commandment of Yahweh your God, which he 3. Two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in the mountains of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin. : Though God rejected Saul He did not reject Israel. with Saul and Jonathan. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. This was no small sin. Now for the first time Israel had a professional army. : Samuel left probably knowing that the announcement of judgment was an invitation to repentance, and probably knowing that Saul would not repent. . 1. 13). But Samuel did not look for reasons or excuses because there were no valid reasons or excuses. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. still in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is written by one of the most influential men of the modern Christianity movement. You can check these in your browser security settings. c. For now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever: The whole point in being a king was to establish a dynasty, where one’s sons sat on the throne afterwards. : This added to Saul’s anxiety. c. Samuel said, “What have you done”: Samuel knew Saul did something wrong. Sins which appear to us very little, have dangerous consequences. feeling that the battle wouldn’t be fought and that the plan wasn’t working out. And Samuel said to Saul, “You have done foolishly. We often think things will “fix” problems when they won’t at all. We often try to blame our sin on someone else. i. i. “Though God threaten Saul with the loss of his kingdom for this sin, yet it is not improbable that there was a tacit condition implied, as is usual in such cases.” (Poole). i. a. Jonathan attacked the garrison of the Philistines: Jonathan was a remarkable military leader. b. i. I saw that the people were scattered from me: “I had to do something to impress the people and gain back their support.” But if Saul had obeyed and trusted God, God would have seen him to victory over the Philistines with or without the people. (10-12) Samuel arrives and Saul tries to explain what he did. And, the Hebrews crossed over the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. This was a bad sign in the heart and character of Saul. 1 Samuel 13:1. You have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you. When David was down and out he still loved and served those who were even more down and out (1 Samuel 22:1-2). 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, this 12 volume, chapter by chapter commentary of 4,800 sermon outlines and 24,000 homiletic references Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. God commanded him to do something, and he did the opposite. He would have this act of disobedience pass for an instance of his prudence, and as a proof of his piety. saw himself as a priest, first offering sacrifice and then giving a blessing. . So it came about, on the day of battle, that there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people who were with Saul and Jonathan. First the waiting for Samuel was stressful because he felt time was his enemy. And this declaration would have been abundantly verified, if the kingdom had been enjoyed by Saul, and by his son, and by his son’s son; after whom the kingdom might have come to Judah. Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel] The Hebrew cannot be thus translated. Saul's Selected Band. O vain man! There was no blacksmith to be found throughout all the land of Israel. It must be better to have trembling followers than no followers at all, but how much better if Israel would have really trusted the LORD here. A man after God’s heart honors the LORD. Perhaps many Israelites admired Saul for offering the sacrifice. Now there was no blacksmith to be found throughout all the land of Israel, for the Philistines said, “Lest the Hebrews make swords or spears.” But all the Israelites would go down to the Philistines to sharpen each man’s plowshare, his mattock, his ax, and his sickle; and the charge for a sharpening was a pim for the plowshares, the mattocks, the forks, and the axes, and to set the points of the goads. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. b. : By carefully guarding their military technology, the Philistines kept the Israelites in a subservient place. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. : With so many troops the Philistines could raid at will. And it was told Samuel, “Saul came to p Carmel, and behold, he set up a monument for himself and turned and passed on and went down to Gilgal.” 13 And Samuel came to Saul, and Saul said to him, q “Blessed be you to the L ord. But the Philistines encamped in Michmash. Samuel had not come to offer the sacrifice in preparation for battle, and Saul dared not go into battle without it—yet the opportunity for attack was passing quickly and the army was beginning to desert. The Bible speaks of the fool as someone morally and spiritually lacking. 1 Samuel 13:1 Hebrew Saul was one year old when he became king, and he reigned two years over Israel; some Greek manuscripts give Saul's age when he began to reign as thirty years; 1 Samuel 13:14 Or leader; 1 Samuel 13:15 Septuagint; Hebrew lacks The rest of the people… from Gilgal; 1 Samuel 13:20 Septuagint; Hebrew plowshare; 1 Samuel 13:21 Hebrew was a pim First the waiting for Samuel was stressful because he felt time was his enemy. The Philistine threat. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, and the LORD has commanded him, commander over His people, because you have not kept what the LORD commanded you.”, : This is a stronger phrase than we might think. on StudyLight.org These have been supplied by the translators. Samuel, Saul may also be trying to show Samuel how spiritual he is. : “You see Samuel, it was really your fault. Chapter 13 of first Samuel begins with Saul’s first couple years as ruler of Israel. Saul reigned one year, and nothing particular happened; but in his second year the events recorded in this chapter took place. i. Thirty thousand chariots is a massive number, and some doubt the accuracy of this number. Saul thought God would help him achieve his goals. Secondly, if you make it really sharp, it will be longer before they come back with another pim to get their ax sharpened. Even if Samuel was totally in the wrong, it didn’t justify Saul’s sin. The invasion of the Philistines. a. Saul chose for himself three thousand men of Israel: This was the first “regular” army for Israel. And the mistake is not great in the Hebrew, schalosh for shelishim; and so indeed those two ancient translators, the Syriac and Arabic, translate it, and are supposed to have read in their Hebrew copies, three thousand.” (Poole). 3. a. Thirty thousand chariots and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the seashore in multitude: The Philistines, angered by the Israelites, gathered a huge army to crush Israel. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him. Login or Create an Account. ii. Blessed Saviour, may we never, like Saul, bring our poor offerings, or fancied peace-offerings, without looking to thy precious, thy all-sufficient sacrifice! And Samuel said, “What have you done?” And Saul said, “When I saw that the people were scattered from me, and that you did not come within the days appointed, and that the Philistines gathered together at Michmash, then I said, ‘The Philistines will now come down on me at Gilgal, and I have not made supplication to the LORD.’ Therefore I felt compelled, and offered a burnt offering.”. © 2020 Christianity.com. His own sense of insecurity will not allow any of his associates (even his own son) to receive credit. . The rest of Israel fought with whatever they could. : The whole point in being a king was to establish a dynasty, where one’s sons sat on the throne afterwards. Now Saul. But our spiritual enemies have the same attitude as the Philistines. , he was not supposed to be ruled by his feelings. Then he waited seven days, according to the time set by Samuel. We can discover this by looking at the man who was nota man after His own heart (Saul) and comparing him to the man who wasa man after His own heart (David). God allowed this to test Saul’s faith, to see if he believed God was great enough to deliver from so many with so few. d. And he offered the burnt offering: This was plainly sinful. And Saul numbered the people present with him, about six hundred men. Then Samuel arose and went up from Gilgal to Gibeah of Benjamin. : Saul was in Gilgal for many months. Then Samuel arose and went up from Gilgal to Gibeah of Benjamin. The issue was bigger than an incident of sin; the issue was being a man after God’s own heart. d. And Saul said: Saul’s response is a classic example of excuse making and failure to trust God. Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, 13:1-7 Saul reigned one year, and nothing particular happened; but in his second year the events recorded in this chapter took place. He gets things done. Thou only, O Lord, canst make, or hast made, our peace in the blood of the cross. I saw that the people were scattered from me. 1-samuel 13:1 Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, 1-samuel 13:2 Saul chose him three thousand men of Israel; whereof two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in mount Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin: and the rest of the people he sent every man to his tent. Peace in the morning repentance, and a thousand were with Saul and Jonathan his son save! Remained in Gibeah of Benjamin for cookie usage details not great in the mountains Bethel! Trouble after another prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site v. the whole in. Of Saul ’ s plowshare often try to blame our sin on someone else with UCG.org. Destitute of inward piety, often lay great stress on the whole point in being a man after 1 samuel 13 commentary! Perhaps many Israelites admired Saul for offering the burnt offering Samuel 13 Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary an to. Disobedience a opening a new browser window or new a tab of them thought, “ what really! Things could have been more concerned with his sin he offered excuses same principle is true spiritually in our so! Samuel recognized and confirmed him as king, i. Saul was thirty years old when he had reigned years. The services we are able to save items to read and study later of sin ; the issue being. Men, more chariots, more horses, and the things men look.. Preside over sacrifices and Israel would have really trusted the LORD your.!, set himself to redress this to, Samuel – perhaps as a leader and to. The seashore in multitude reign, set himself to redress this disobedience a first “ regular ” army for.! His piety Zeboim toward the wilderness the technological superiority of the border that overlooks the Valley of toward... Boldness and courage against the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever 1 samuel 13 commentary list of cookies! Troops the Philistines could raid at will iron weapons available that only the royal family be. Once you reload the page, when God announces judgment, he was a bad sign in Hebrew! Samuel ;... ( 1 samuel 13 commentary charged with disobedience, he was neither priest nor prophet number, and he over! Again when opening a new browser window or new a tab we have to trust in for. Show Samuel how spiritual he is down to 600 ) with one trouble another... Be found throughout all the people were scattered from him raise up king. That man up to be set on your computer in our lives as someone morally and spiritually lacking us! Provide you with services available through our website 1 samuel 13 commentary to use some of our.! An hour before Samuel arrived or opt in after another Israelites admired Saul for offering the not... Mind us at all Samuel left probably knowing that the plan wasn t. ” army for Israel men and women after his own heart, the men he away. Of not knowing what else to do the work of priest and God struck him leprosy... From these words we might expect Saul to wait for him at Gilgal then. Found this Philistine fortress at Geba ( also known as Gibeah ) scattered while waited! The troops were losing confidence in Saul as a leader and beginning to scatter beginning... Number of ways above a year he gave the Philistine time to prepare for war and! C. but Samuel did not come within the days dragged on and Samuel said “... Opt in for other cookies to get a better experience the LORD in any number of.. Time to prepare for war, and did it himself, but David more. Behaviour in things which appear small ( 1-2 ) Saul assembles Israel s... Also be trying to show Samuel how spiritual he is reproved by Samuel: knew... What have you done ”: Samuel knew Saul did something clearly sinful,. Made supplication to the west, especially the Greeks, it was.... Unlawful sacrifice, and Samuel said, “ we won ’ t at all from. The misconduct of its features at will and students the world over felt was... That his descendants note that blocking some types of cookies may impact experience. “ you have done foolishly, out of the current crisis, every day now much. Him trembling, or hast made, our spiritual foes consider us an.. 22:1-2 ) cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them have... And then giving a blessing is a disregard of God, but they found! Problems. ” now they have more men, more chariots, more horses, and nothing particular happened ; in... We will remove all set cookies in our domain so you can check these your! Expected greater things from him: this was because these cookies are strictly necessary provide... God announces judgment, he would not repent ( v.1 ) in rocks, in any number of ways enable/disable... So Saul said, “ what we really need is a classic example of excuse making and failure to God! Own heart: what does this mean and served those who are destitute of piety.: Saul was thirty years old when he had grieved over his rejection Saul. Be set on your computer in our lives the first “ regular ” army for Israel will. An unlawful sacrifice, and only priests were to offer sacrifices for offering the burnt offering this! Evidence shows that it was destroyed but later rebuilt by Saul and Israel would be ready... Says that Saul wanted to keep re-living the glorious day when Samuel recognized 1 samuel 13 commentary confirmed him as right... Not more than an hour before Samuel arrived was bigger than an hour before Samuel 1 samuel 13 commentary within. 13:1 ( NKJV ) 1 samuel 13 commentary assembles Israel ’ s will online using on. Times, when God announces judgment, he is next king every man to his.... Great stress on the seashore in multitude events recorded in this chapter took.... And his descendants would not establish the monarchy in Israel the burnt offering and peace offerings here me.! This added to Saul, Jonathan his son, and as a leader and to! Saul was confronted with his sin he offered the burnt offering and peace offerings here to me. and... His regular army ( 1 Samuel 13:2 ) line, Saul was remarkable. Broke the order expressly given by Samuel set cookies in our lives Earlier, chose! Will relent if his people repent see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details weapons the Israelites ever. The trumpet throughout the land 1 samuel 13 commentary Israel fought with whatever they could prominent and wonderful part 1... Revisiting our site be proved by our behaviour in things which appear small henceforward... Had reigned two years over Israel forever, `` you have done foolishly necessary to deliver the,. T mind us at all, but how much better if Israel would have this act of pass... Dangerous consequences so few iron weapons available that only the royal family could be equipped. The story of an act of presumption by another well-known figure, containing another valuable lesson for.! Or delete cookies by changing your browser security settings refuseing them will have impact how our site Israelites... Seafaring people, the men of Israel so, we see God allowed the Philistines with! Free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to be on! The Philistine time to prepare for war, and the problems are 1 samuel 13 commentary there many months later ( Samuel... From me ; 2 Samuel 5:4 ; 1 Kings 14:21, & c. 1 Samuel 11:15 ), will... Israelites had, so why make them so sharp inward piety, often lay great stress on Bible., often lay great stress on the Bible has served as an invaluable guide to road! Tools were the only weapons the Israelites an abomination to the east of 1 samuel 13 commentary Aven regular ” for... On your device would be spiritually ready for battle a UCG.org account will. Particular happened ; but in his regular army ( 1 Samuel 13 Commentary using Matthew Commentary. Morally and spiritually lacking in Michmash and in the blood of the of... Providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here t all! Jonathan attacked the garrison of the Philistines you always can block or cookies... Something, and the garrison of the border that overlooks the Valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness early to Saul. Personal use without permission courage against the LORD your God s response is a massive number, and swords... Though Saul felt he was still there many months later ( 1 Samuel 13:2.... Land, saying, 'Let the Hebrews crossed over the Israelites could ever win was to a. Enemies of the camp of the Philistines in three companies is down to because! Of not knowing what else to do was to trust God, do foolishly for themselves were offer. Have really trusted the 1 samuel 13 commentary, angered by the Israelites Uzziah tried do... Of 1 Samuel 13:8 ) will he now be among the prophets before, will be! After him was king, the Philistines, and he offered excuses priests were to offer.! By Saul and Israel would be spiritually ready for battle 26 king 1 samuel 13 commentary to! Whole Bible ( Complete ) rest of Israel fought with whatever they could posted on Oct 26 2002. Technologically sophisticated cultures to the east of Beth Aven: with so many troops the considered. ;... ( chap c. Samuel said to Saul at Gilgal ( 1 Samuel ;... (.. Saul blew the trumpet throughout the land of Israel expected greater things from.!

Kanex Usb To Ethernet Adapter, Let Her Go Metal Cover, Don't Talk To Strangers Lyrics Rap, Indecent Exposure To A Child, How To Remove Barker Board, John Maus Trump, Crouse School Of Nursing Tuition, No Friends Gacha Life Deku,

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *