how to measure software reusability

Part of Springer Nature. But software quality cannot be improved unless it can be measured. In: Proceedings of the 16th International Academic MindTrek Conference, pp. Newsl. Software quality increases as reuse of software components increases. In this paper, we propose a reusability index (REI) as a synthesis of various software metrics and evaluate its ability to quantify reuse, based on IEEE Standard on Software … pp 43-58 | In component-based software development, it is necessary to measure the reusability of components in order to realize the reuse of components effectively. The model consists of three attributes that are believed to influence the reusability of components; … Softw. In Object-Oriented systems, … Software quality increases as reuse of software components increases. Abstract- Software reusability has considerable effect on software quality. Proponents claim that objects and software components offer a more advanced form of reusability, although it has been tough to objectively measure and define levels or scores of reusability. Comput., 4: 797-805. As software is being developed, it is very good and important to keep … To derive measures of reusability, we must look at instances where reuse succeeded and try to determine why. During his career as a faculty member, he has been actively involved (in several as coordinator) in multiple EU-funded and national funded projects. Bibi, S., Ampatzoglou, A., Stamelos, I.: A Bayesian belief network for modeling open source software maintenance productivity. js measuring software reuse principles practices and economic models addison wesley reading 1997 google scholar software reuse has been acommon practice at agencies and businesses since the early 1990s according tojeffrey poulin chief engineer for lockheed martin distribution technologiesand the author of leach software reuse methods models and costs mcgraw hill 1997 provides a detailed … developers, software adopters, and data stewards to evaluate the potential reusability of systems, software components, and related artifacts. have developed natural language processing and knowledge-based information. 472, pp. In Object-Oriented systems, … To summarize, software design quality could be measured effectively by viewing a design problem from following three different views: ility-view (where the design problem impacts certain quality attributes of the software design), principle-view (where the problem violate one or more design principles), and constraints-view (where the problem violates one or more constraints imposed by the … Arvanitou, E.M., Ampatzoglou, A., Chatzigeorgiou, A., Galster, M., Avgeriou, P.: A mapping study on design-time quality attributes and metrics. However, many other objective © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. 87.2k 16 16 gold badges 154 154 silver badges 303 303 bronze badges. In software engineering, many reuse metrics and models are metrics used to measure code reuse and reusability. Reusability reduces time, effort, errors, and hence the overall cost of the development process. A coupling and cohesion metrics suite for … In recent years, computer software is the single most important technology in the world. Previous Chapter Next Chapter. Contemporary approaches assess reusability using static analysis metrics by relying on the help of experts, who usually set metric thresholds or provide ground truth values so that estimation models are built. In software engineering, many reuse metrics and models are metrics used to measure code reuse and reusability. The ability to reuse relies in an essential way on the ability to build larger things from smaller parts, and being able to identify commonalities among those parts. Selby provides a statistical study of reusability characteristics of software using data from a NASA software environment [40]. Reusability is an attribute of software quality. Developing measures that Knowing what makes software "reusable" can help us learn how to build new reusable components and help us to identify potentially useful modules in existing programs. What metrics are used to measure code reusability ? Springer, Cham (2016). Proceedings of the 2nd Information and Communication Technologies, (ICT`06), Damascus, pp: 2878-2882. IAICT, vol. Abstract. Abstract: The reuse of software and related artifacts offers the potential for cost savings in various industries and has contributed to the development of the cyberinfrastructure that is used by the Earth science community. On a more granular level, software development managers are trying to: 1. : A metrics suite for object oriented design. Obviously, the manual examination of source code can be very tedious, or even impossible for large and complex software projects and/or projects that change on a regular basis. Nonetheless, we can use the attributes of reusability in many useful ways, such as to provide guidance when developing components for use by many organizations. Furthermore, we evaluate its ability to quantify reuse, by comparing it to existing indices through a case study on 15 reusable open-source assets (i.e., libraries and frameworks). There are some product metrics for measuring the reusability of object-oriented software. Software component reusability measure in component grid. : A hierarchical model for object-oriented design quality assessment. Changes in software development are discussed, and major trends resulting in development techniques becoming increasingly structured and disciplined and focusing more attention on building a mathematical basis of software engineering are identified. These metrics focus on,the object structure which reflects the complexity of each,individual entity, such as its methods and classes, and on the,external complexity that measures the interactions among,entities, such as coupling and inheritance.,Etzkorn’s approach is to measure various … Softw. Capabilities to measure the reusability of software artifacts can have benefits for developers and adopters of information systems. Not affiliated Advance in this field will have great impact on software industry. ACM SIGKDD Explor. We can not find a suitable way to measure software reliability, and most of the aspects related to software reliability. Reuse models and metrics can be categorized into six types: reuse cost-benefits models; maturity assessment; amount of reuse One key step you can take to improve your software testability is to use AI. Software reuse increases production and quality of software and reduces software development cost and time. The session length was already running between two and two and half hours so our learning curves were almost as short as they get (two being the absolute minimum number of trials). Reusing existing software components and related artifacts offers the potential to reduce costs and to improve the quality of systems and applications that support Earth science and other scientific disciplines. But software quality cannot be improved unless it can be measured. Constantinou, E., Ampatzoglou, A., Stamelos, I.: Quantifying reuse in OSS: a large-scale empirical study. A software metric is a measure of software characteristics which are quantifiable or countable. IEEE (2003), © Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018, International Conference on Software Reuse, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-39225-7_3, Department of Informatics and Telecommunications, Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-90421-4_3. Organizations implementing systematic software reuse programs must be able to measure their progress and identify the most effective reuse strategies. Nowadays, the continuously evolving open-source community and the increasing demands of end users are forming a new software development paradigm; developers rely more on reusing components from online sources to minimize the time and cost of software development. Furthermore, we evaluate its ability to quantify reuse, by comparing it to existing indices through a case study on 15 reusable open-source assets (i.e., libraries and frameworks). Even the most obvious product metrics such as software size have not uniform … Many believe software reusability provides the key to tremendous benefits and saving in software development product. As the ability to reuse software contributes to capabilities for reusing software-dependent data, instruments for measuring software reusability contribute to the reuse of software and related data. measuring software reuse principles practices and economic models jeffrey s poulin 02 the economics of software reuse read about the value proposition of introducing software reuse into an organization examine various metrics for evaluating the effectiveness of reuse policies discuss the opportunity cost and risks associated with reuse at different levels apply key software reuse software reuse metrics … “how well several published software reuse metrics measure the “time, money and quality”, benefits of software reuse.” Frakes and Terry (1996) surveyed the metrics and models of software reuse and reusability and reviewed the six types of metrics and models namely cost benefit models, maturity assessment models, amount of reuse metrics, failure modes models, reusability assessment models … Software Reuse Metrics, Reusability Metrics, and Economic Models: A Tutorial Jeffrey S. Poulin, Ph.D. Loral Federal Systems Owego, New York Abstract. A Proposal on Using Reuse Readiness Levels to Measure Software Reusability. Softw. CrossRef | Direct Link | Gui, G., 2006. Ira Baxter. Reuse Readiness Levels (RRLs) are being developed to facilitate … Eng. This tutorial provides an introduction to measuring software reuse. Reusability is an attribute of software quality. James J Marshall. Selby provides a statistical study of reusability characteristics of software using data from a NASA software environment [40]. Reusability prediction models are established in the early stage of the system development cycle to support an early reusability assessment. The development and current state of a proposed set of Reuse Readiness Levels (RRLs) are summarized, and potential uses of the software reusability measures are described, along with proposed use cases to support sponsorship of software projects, software production, software adoption, and data stewardship … By measuring reusability we can measure software quality. NASA used the production environment to develop ground support software in FORTRAN for controlling unmanned spacecraft. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. share | improve this question | follow | edited Sep 14 '10 at 3:28. measure the design structure and/or data structure independently, object-oriented metrics must be able to focus on the combination of function and data as an integrated object [1]. In turn, this makes life much easier for testers. Software testing serves as a way to measure and improve software reliability. This work was financially supported by the action “Strengthening Human Resources Research Potential via Doctorate Research” of the Operational Program “Human Resources Development Program, Education and Lifelong Learning, 2014–2020”, implemented from State Scholarship Foundation (IKY) and co-financed by the European Social Fund and the Greek public (National Strategic Reference Framework (NSRF) 2014–2020). Other authors, such as Goyal and Gupta developed the unsupervised neural network (SOM) algorithm to estimate the reusability of different components in an OOP software system. Component reusability and cohesion measures in object-oriented systems. A metric is a quantitative indicator of an attribute of a thing. Nonfunctional properties of a … J. In this paper we have derived a new approach to measure the software reusability of OO class diagram, an attribute of software quality. Estimating software reusability, through static analysis metrics is a non-trivial task, and often requires the aid of quality experts to manually examine the source code. In: 7th International Conference on Software Engineering Advances (2012). The use of scientific data is becoming increasingly dependent on the software that fosters such use. object oriented system/programming . We investigate this claim and … By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Black box: Reusability is in proportion to … In: Crowston, K., Hammouda, I., Lundell, B., Robles, G., Gamalielsson, J., Lindman, J. (IJOSSP), Field, A.: Discovering Statistics Using IBM SPSS Statistics. Abstract - Software reusability has considerable effect on software quality. Software Reusability is an important measure that can be applied to improve software development and software quality. Softw. Hall, M., Frank, E., Holmes, G., Pfahringer, B., Reutemann, P., Witten, I.: The WEKA data mining software: an update. https://www.cuelogic.com/blog/software-component-reusability Reduce overtime 5. IEEE Trans. 93–100. By measuring reusability we can measure software quality. : Agile Software Development: Principles, Patterns and Practices. The paper begins by establishing a taxonomy of approaches to reusability metrics based on their empirical or qualitative orientation. Software metrics are important for many reasons, including measuring software performance, planning work items, measuring productivity, and many other uses.. Authors: Robert R Downs, Columbia University, Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), 202 Geoscience, Lamont Campus, Palisades, NY, 10964, USA X close. A metric is a quantitative indicator of an attribute of a thing. methodology metrics code-reuse. Reusability prediction models are estab-lished in the early stage of the system development cycle to support an early reusability assess-ment. However, in application development with reuse, it is difficult to use conventional metrics because the source codes of components cannot be obtained, and these … (eds.) ABSTRACT. To derive measures of reusability, we must look at instances where reuse succeeded and try to determine why. IT shops have long strived to achieve and measure software reuse across a portfolio of assets, but with the proliferation of API-led transformations, enterprise IT shops have never been as poised as they are right now to enact and measure the concept of software reuse across an enterprise. methodology metrics code-reuse. Measuring software component reusability by coupling and cohesion metrics. The results of the study suggest that the proposed … Pages 576–578. Not logged in Developing measures that enable the assessment of software in terms of its potential reusability can contribute to efforts of both developers and reusers of software. The reuse of software and related artifacts offers the potential for cost savings in various industries and has contributed to the development of the cyberinfrastructure that is used by the Earth science community. The evaluation of our methodology indicates that our system can effectively assess reusability as perceived by developers. Subsequently, we build a model based on static analysis metrics to assess reusability from five different properties: complexity, cohesion, coupling, inheritance, documentation and size. © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Furthermore, we evaluate its ability to quantify reuse, by comparing it to existing indices through a case study on 15 reusable open-source assets (i.e., libraries and frameworks). This paper examines various approaches to measuring software reusability. Etzkorn et al. Use of AI. Hierarchical reusability evaluation based on the values of various static analysis metrics. J. Syst. Reuse models and metrics can be categorized into six types: reuse cost-benefits models; maturity assessment; amount of reuse; failure modes; reusability ; reuse library metrics; … John Wiley & Sons, New York (2012), Sharma, A., Grover, P.S., Kumar, R.: Reusability assessment for software components. Build software that meets the expectations of a reasonable person: in law this is called the principle of merchantability Spring 2005 ECE450H1S Software Engineering II Managing Software Quality 1. It plays an important role in the design, implementation, validation and release phases. The book addresses all of the many factors involved in a software reuse … In light of the recent emphasis on software reuse, numerous research efforts have attempted to quantify our ability to use a component in new contexts. Social & Legal Concerns OO metrics,Some product metrics for measuring the reusability of,OO software have been proposed. SIGSOFT Softw. Eng. measure or index, or (b) they only consider structural aspects of the software asset, ignoring aspects such as documentation, external quality, etc. Abstract The reuse of software and related artifacts offers the potential for cost savings in various industries and has contributed to the development of the cyberinfrastructure that is used by the Earth science community. Martin, R.C. However, even when expert help is available, it may still be subjective or case-specific. SAGE Publications Ltd., Thousand Oaks (2013). The tasks took between one and three minutes to complete, and so we were limited with how many trials we could perform. Developing measures that Mount Sinai Researchers Develop Software to Measure the Findability, Accessibility, Interoperability, and Reusability of Biomedical Digital Research Objects The FAIRshake Toolbox Developed to Promote Information Exchange in Biomedicine Open Source Softw. The reusability of assets is usually measured through reusability indices. Reusability. J. But software quality cannot be improved unless it can be measured. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, ICSR 2018: New Opportunities for Software Reuse It is not a mature field. The method that will be used to the new measure is as follows. It motivates and illustrates the importance of metrics in both a reuse program and their role in evaluating experience reports published by others. Current reuse techniques focus on the reuse of software artifacts on the basis of desired functionality. Test modules will be easier to reuse and testers will be more likely to understand how the UI works. Existing measurements of technology maturity are described in Section 2 with justification for a new measure focused on reusability. There are some product metrics for measuring the reusability of object-oriented software. Employing the reuse rate as a measure of developer-perceived reusability. Measuring the reusability of software components using static analysis metrics and reuse rate information. The traditional software metric and the existing metrics to rank the code reusability face the following constrains like procedural method of software metrics which is fail to capture the concepts object oriented concepts , inconsistency ,non predictable behavior because of inappropriate mathematical properties and non- availability of the metrics which measure all the all aspects of OO systems. Development of the Reuse Readiness Levels (RRLs) is The authors have proposed a new metric to measure the reusability of interfaces in object oriented programming. In recent years, computer software is the single most important technology in the world. Bansiya, J., Davis, C.G. INTRODUCTION. Ira Baxter. Software Reusability is an important measure that can be applied to improve software development and software quality. Caldiera and Basili (1991) propose a framework for measuring the reusability of software components. [9] they measure the reusability of software components, pieces of reusable software, in a system called component grid. Empirical validation is must to verify the usefulness of a metric in practic… But if you manage to get your design really consistent you improve your software testability. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. He has worked as a research associate in multiple EU-funded and national funded projects. Measure Quality of a complete or partial system 3. Eng. asked Jul 6 '10 at 7:53. user384278 user384278. The development and current state of a proposed set of Reuse Readiness Levels (RRLs) are summarized, and potential uses of the software reusability measures are described, along with … To alleviate these shortcomings, we introduce a reusability index (REI) as a synthesis of various software metrics that cover a number of related reusability aspects. measuring software reuse it motivates and illustrates the importance of metrics in both a reuse program and their role in evaluating experience reports published by others the tutorial presents the measuring software reuse book read reviews from worlds largest community for readers this book documents methods for quantifying the benefits of softw measuring software reuse principles practices and … The main idea of our approach lies in the fact that highly reused components are typically expected to exhibit high reusability degree. its reusability. Reusability estimation based on different source code properties. Measure the reusability of object oriented interfaces in uml diagrams I. Written by a leading software reuse practitioner, Measuring Software Reuse brings together all of the latest concepts, tools, and methods for software reuse metrics, presenting concrete quantitative techniques for accurately measuring the level of reuse in a software project and objectively evaluating its financial benefits. By employing this measurement as ground truth, we are able to build models capable of estimating the reusability of a component as perceived by software developers in cases where no further reuse data is available. add … The tutorial presents the issues surrounding … This research paper is a product of discussion about measuring reusability of software components, pieces of reusable software, in a system called component grid. Reduce costsThese goals ca… In these developments some of them focused on a technology domain i.e. Although these approaches have been successful and innovative in identifying attributes of reusability, Chapter 7, "Measuring Software Reusability," explains why a general reusability metric will probably never exist. They define a reusability attributes model, which attempts to characterize reusability, attributes directly through measures of an attribute, or indirectly through measures of evidence of an attribute’s existence. An interpretable methodology for estimating reusability at class and package levels. Manage workloads 4. CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): This paper examines various approaches to measuring software reusability. His research interests include Software Engineering (SE) processes, Data Mining and Knowledge Extraction from Software Repositories, Model-driven Engineering, Software Quality and Software Analytics. Modification of the classic waterfall model of software development (stopping at certain stages to build prototypes or changing the way the cycle progresses … 2010 Articles. The results of the study suggest that the proposed index presents the highest predictive and discriminative power, it is the most consistent in ranking reusable assets, and the most strongly correlated to their levels of reuse. In: 7th International Symposium on Empirical Software Engineering and Measurement (ESEM 2013), pp. We initially build a benchmark dataset, harnessing the power of online repositories to determine the number of reuse occurrences for each component in the dataset. OSS 2016. Are there any available numbers or studies for opensource and/or closed source software ? A short video on How to Calibrate and then Measure PDF Construction Drawings. In component-based software development, it is necessary to measure the reusability of components in order to realize the reuse of components effectively. We have also empirically studied the approach in OO programming language C++. Notes, Runeson, P., Höst, M., Rainer, A., Regnell, B.: Case Study Research in Software Engineering: Guidelines and Examples. The study provides statistical … 87.2k 16 16 gold badges 154 154 silver badges 303 303 bronze badges. But software quality cannot be improved unless it can be measured. Knowing what makes software "reusable" can help us learn how to build new reusable components and help us to identify potentially useful modules in existing programs. His research interests include the areas of Software Engineering, Software Quality, Data Mining, and Machine Learning. SIGSOFT Softw. The goal of tracking and analyzing software metrics is to determine the quality of the current product or process, improve that quality and predict the quality once the software development project is complete. Husein, S. and A. Oxley, 2009. Michail D. Papamichail is an electrical and computers engineer graduated in 2015 from the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece. This study illustrates how to measure learnability in a lab based setting. J. Syst. Aggregating the distribution of static analysis metrics among different projects. Identify areas of improvement 3. 166.78.156.44. The software should be possible to continue using the same basic software in diverse situations. Software reusability development differs from the traditional way of software development in that it affects software measure, therefore new way of software reusability metric is needed, and moreover new model of software reusability is needed to be established. In: 9th International Software Metrics Symposium. Process. Measuring software reliability remains a difficult problem because we don't have a good understanding of the nature of software. As software is being developed, it is very good and important to keep … They discuss about the three different cases of component reuse and a new method to measure component reusability in component grid. measuring software reuse presents experience tested techniques for implementing a metrics program by incorporating a recommended reuse metric starter set it also includes an extensive discussion on the metrics for reuse libraries and examines the issue of measuring reuse throughout the software life cycle midwest book review Pdf Measuring Software Reuse Principles Practices And pdf on jan 1 … How to measure the power consumption of your backend service | … Themistoklis Diamantopoulos is a postgraduate researcher in the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece. ACM/IEEE Computer Society, Baltimore, October 2013. A Proposal on Using Reuse Readiness Levels to Measure Software Reusability. Reusability reduces time, effort, errors, and hence the overall cost of the development process. In this paper we have derived a new approach to measure the software reusability of OO class diagram, an attribute of software quality. He has also worked as a research associate in multiple EU-funded and national funded projects. 51 3 3 bronze badges. measuring software reusability contribute to the reuse of software and related data. Also, evaluating these quality factors separately provided insight into how well some OO software metrics actually measure the characteristics they purport to measure. Reaffirmed 9 December 2009, Ampatzoglou, A., Stamelos, I., Gkortzis, A., Deligiannis, I.: Methodology on extracting reusable software candidate components from open source games. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. IEEE Trans. Notes, Washizaki, H., Yamamoto, H., Fukazawa, Y.: A metrics suite for measuring reusability of software components. This factor deals with the use of software modules originally designed for one project in a new software project currently being developed. Cite as. He is currently a Ph.D. candidate in the same department and his research interests are in the area of Software Analytics focusing on Software Quality from a User-perceived perspective, Reusability, Software Lifecycle Analysis and Maintainability. Abstract The reuse of software and related artifacts offers the potential for cost savings in various industries and has contributed to the development of the cyberinfrastructure that is used by the Earth science community. Download PDF: Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s): https://doi.org/10.2481/dsj.00... (external link) The evaluation of the utility of a metric as a quantitative measure of software quality was based on the measurement of a software quality attribute. However, these do not capture all facets of reusability, such as structural characteristics, external quality attributes, and documentation. Software Reusability Software reusability is an effective way to improve productivity. Perforce Software - What Is Code Quality? https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2019.110423. Software developers have continually attempted to develop new technologies due to the growing importance of computer software. ACM, Finland (2012), Ampatzoglou, A., Gkortzis, A., Charalampidou, S., Avgeriou, P.: An embedded multiple-case study on OSS design quality assessment across domains. 255–258. To alleviate these shortcomings, we introduce a reusability index (REI) as a synthesis of various software metrics that cover a number of related reusability aspects. Eng. Evaluating reusability based upon comparisons to the number of times a software component in a software reuse library is reused is a possible alternative evaluation approach. A model specifies relationships among metrics. Developing measures that enable the assessment of software in terms of its potential reusability can contribute to efforts of both developers and reusers of software. Hristov, D.: Structuring software reusability metrics for component-based software development. What metrics are used to measure code reusability ? Chidamber, S.R., Kemerer, C.F. Int. In this paper we have derived a new approach to measure the software reusability of OO class diagram, an attribute of software quality. Software quality increases as reuse of software components increases. According to Seungwon Lee et.al. share | improve this question | follow | edited Sep 14 '10 at 3:28. Within the software development process, there are many metrics that are all related to each other. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Prentice Hall, New Jersey (2003), Nair, T.R.G., Selvarani, R.: Estimation of software reusability: an engineering approach. Define what quality means for large software systems 2. Metrics are difficult to collect and may not really measure the intended quality measures of software. How to Measure & … Since reusability is influenced by a number of different factors, there are various approaches and metrics used to measure reusability. Metrics and models with various reuse readiness levels can be used to measure reuse and reusability. Many of the known empir-ical methods use a version of complexity metrics to measure reusability. Are there any available numbers or studies for opensource and/or closed source software ? Andreas L. Symeonidis is an Associate Professor in the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece. But software quality cannot be improved unless it can be measured. To alleviate these shortcomings, we introduce a reusability index (REI) as a synthesis of various software metrics that cover a number of related reusability aspects. This is a preview of subscription content, 1061-1998: IEEE Standard for a Software Quality Metrics Methodology, IEEE Standards, IEEE Computer Society, 31 December 1998. This research paper consists of four parts. Increase return on investment (ROI) 2. In order to measure the software reusability. reusability of software components. Kakarontzas, G., Constantinou, E., Ampatzoglou, A., Stamelos, I.: Layer assessment of object-oriented software: a metric facilitating white-box reuse. A model specifies relationships among metrics. In this work, we refrain from expert-based solutions and employ the actual reuse rate of source code components as ground truth for building a reusability estimation model. 32–44. The paper then … An important challenge in this context is to evaluate the degree to which a software component is suitable for reuse, i.e. The main input consists of CK metrics which have been … However, these indices either do not synthesize their constituent metrics into an aggregate or they do not capture all facets of reusability, such as structural characteristics, external qualities, and their documentation. Downs, Robert R.; Marshall, James J. Chapter 8, "Metrics … Key-words:- software reuse, reusability, … There is no clear definition to what aspects are related to software reliability. Software developers have continually attempted to develop new technologies due to the growing importance of computer software. The authors have proposed a new metric to measure the reusability of interfaces in object oriented programming. Software reuse increases production and quality of software and reduces software development cost and time. He received his PhD in the field of applying Data Mining techniques on Software Engineering data from the same department, while he also holds an MSc in Computer Science from the University of Edinburgh.

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