digitalocean snapshot vs backup

}; elem.className = elem.className + ' _has_error'; A VM or set of VMs can have snapshots created for “rinse and repeat” type testing to develop and validate code changes. } It is also available at the end of the URL on that droplet’s page on the control panel: To get information about a single droplet, we can issue a command like this. addEvent(input, 'blur', function() { In fact, if the base disks were deleted, the snapshots are not enough on their own to restore a virtual machine. Simply select the 'transfer snapshot' icon and enter the email address of the recipient. callback(); You must do this in the control panel. } }; var tooltip = document.createElement('div'), arrow = document.createElement('div'), inner = document.createElement('div'), new_tooltip = {}; qp('track', 'ViewContent'); validate_field(elem) ? 1. (_above|_below) ?/g, '') + ' _below'; return no_error; Policy *. backup of server On the other hand as per your query Digital ocean has facility of auto backup of instance , snapshots , cdn facility , instant deployment and account creation , ovh may take time to deliver server , auto backups , snapshot etc facility might you dont get. Enterprise Edition. You get paid; we donate to tech nonprofits. When you have a working Droplet it is a good idea to make a snapshot backup just … } if (allInputs[i].type == "radio" || allInputs[i].type == "checkbox") { Snapshots provide a full copy of a DigitalOcean Droplet or volume. Snapshots are not backups. It allows you to schedule how often a snapshot should be created, for how long it should be kept and in which regions to be replicated. tooltips[i].tip.parentNode.removeChild(tooltips[i].tip); } document.querySelector('[id^="_form"][id$="_submit"]').disabled = false; (a[n]=a[n]||[]).hide=h;setTimeout(function(){i();h.end=null},c);h.timeout=c; The snapshot will start. for (var i = 0; i < tooltips.length; i++) { We must also include the API token in the Authorization header. window._show_thank_you = function(id, message, trackcmp_url, email) { if (callback) { } } else if (input.type == 'radio' || input.type == 'checkbox') { tooltip.className = '_error'; for (var i = 0; i < elem.options.length; i++) { err.innerHTML = message; We can do this easily by installing the Ruby version manager and telling it to give us the latest stable version: We will be asked for our sudo password to install the necessary helper utilities and set some system properties. First, we should see if our user already has a crontab: If a crontab is printed out, we should back it up in case we want to revert our changes later on: Now that we have our crontab backed up, let’s see where rvm installed our Ruby. Especially when it comes to development environments, VM snapshots are a great way to return to a known point in time. }; Reverting the source database to a specific point in time is faster. } If you lose this key, you will have to recreate another token and adjust the values of any script or application using the former token. Snapshots provide a historical reference for auditing. In the previous step we observed that the volume group ( vg1 ) containing our principal logical volume ( … }; Usage instructions. If you don’t check your account regularly and delete stale snapshots, you could quickly stack up quite a few images that are unneeded in your account. found = true; if (!value.match(/^[\+_a-z0-9-'&=]+(\.[\+_a-z0-9-']+)*@[a-z0-9-]+(\.[a-z0-9-]+)*(\. if (typeof serialize !== 'undefined') window._old_serialize = window.serialize; t.src=v;s=b.getElementsByTagName(e)[0]; } } else if (elem.type =='checkbox') { if (fieldVal) { VM backups that are taken and stored using changed block tracking information are safely able to be restored without the need for any dependencies on the actual parent VM files. if (needs_validate(input)) { I You can set up the script and cronjob to run on your local machine assuming that you have access to a Ruby interpreter and cron, or from another droplet. First of all, it is worth mentioning, that neither VMware or Microsoft with Hyper-V support the idea of snapshots/checkpoints being backups in themselves. for (var i = 0; i < elem.options.length; i++) { if (element.addEventListener) { Amazon is always expanding its regions, which means that Lightsail would also be available in new regions over time. elem.className = elem.className + ' _has_error'; var results = new RegExp(regexStr, 'i').exec(window.location.href); script.src = url; DigitalOcean vs Linode vs Vultr – Backup. }; Providers, Cloud Provider Unforeseen circumstances could cost you days or months of productivity. Hacktoberfest // use this trick to get the submit button & disable it using plain javascript if (html) { On a basic level, a snapshot is a saved version of a virtual machine that records its state at a particular moment in time. if (email && typeof visitorObject !== 'undefined') { } new_tooltip.tip = tooltip; var fieldVal = getUrlParam(allInputs[i]; } else if (elem.tagName == 'SELECT') { NAKIVO can contact me by email to promote their products and services. var doc = document.documentElement, scrollPosition = - ((window.pageYOffset || doc.scrollTop) - (doc.clientTop || 0)); To convert a backup to a snapshot, from the control panel, click the name of the Droplet with the backup you want to convert.Click Backups in the left navigation and, in the Droplet backups section, open the More menu of the backup.. Click Convert to snapshot.This removes the backup from the list of available backups and adds it to the list of snapshots (in the Snapshots tab). Cron will read this as all values of that field. You can back up the contents of a block storage volume, restore a Droplet to the point in tim… no_error = false; ''); } {if(f.fbq)return;n=f.fbq=function() }; How Does Forever-Incremental Backup Work on VMs? This will run the command in 4 minutes from now. } Change configuration values to match your setup. return; if (results != undefined) { tooltip.className = '_error-inner _no_arrow'; Give it a try now. var _removed = false; if (!no_error) { Policy, best practices regarding snapshots directly from VMware. for (var i = 0, len = allInputs.length; i < len; i++) { This process takes place automatically with a pre-determined scheduling window. this.value = this.value.trim(); var err = form_to_submit.querySelector('._form_error'), no_error = true; } !function(q,e,v,n,t,s){if(q.qp) return; n=q.qp=function() DigitalOcean encourages powering off your droplet before making a backup using SnapShot. } })(); Request a live demo by one of our engineers, See the full list of features, editions and prices. 30 03 * * 0,4 DOTOKEN=“AAABBB” /home/youruser/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.1.0/bin/ruby /home/youruser/snapshot.rb dropid1 dropid2 … dropidx err ? Backup from Storage Snapshots is a great way to take a backup using the power of the storage array and move the data to different storage. Snapshots – Snapshots is DigitalOcean’s disk imaging feature to clone Droplets or volumes. const vgoAlias = typeof visitorGlobalObjectAlias === 'undefined' ? If your snapshot volume runs out of space while performing the backup, the snapshot volume will become invalid and you will no longer have a consistent backup. remove_tooltips(); They are different from the “backups” feature, which offers automated backups and can be selected by ticking the backups box. Snapshots are designed for short term storage. var allInputs = form_to_submit.querySelectorAll('input, select, textarea'), tooltips = [], submitted = false;

no_error = false; You can redeploy your server or spin up new droplets based on your snapshot. ; n.queue=[];t=document.createElement(e);t.async=!0;t.src=v; s=document.getElementsByTagName(e)[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(t,s);}(window, 'script', ''); When it comes to backup, each one of the virtual hosting providers offers different value. It is often useful to check that the command works by setting it to a few minutes from now and then seeing if it runs successfully. tooltip.appendChild(inner); tooltip = create_tooltip(elem, "Enter a valid date. Do not use the system crontab file located in /etc, because your changes can be wiped out if cron receives an update. { var clientId = tracker.get('clientId'); document.getElementById('gaFieldID').value = clientId; } err.appendChild(div); wrapper.className = '_form-inner'; } n.queue=[];t=b.createElement(e);t.async=!0; We can use this to query whether the event has completed successfully using the “events/” request: As you can see, this event is marked as “completed.” We have just made our first snapshot from the command line! goutte . var resize_tooltips = function() { return false; (function(i,s,o,g,r,a,m){i['GoogleAnalyticsObject']=r;i[r]=i[r]||function(){ You get paid, we donate to tech non-profits. inner.innerHTML = text; } var form = document.getElementById('_form_' + id + '_'), err = document.createElement('div'), button = form.querySelector('button'), old_error = form.querySelector('._form_error'); {n.qp?n.qp.apply(n,arguments):n.queue.push(arguments);} }); For instance, if it were 6:10pm right now, we could add a line that looks like this to check the command:
                    if (no_error && == 'email') {                  addEvent(window, 'resize', resize_tooltips);         ); 
. Start by powering off your droplet from the command line. Type a label for the snapshot and click the Take Snapshot button. var visitorObject = window[vgoAlias]; While there are many ways of backing up your important data, there is also a method available through the DigitalOcean control panel and API: snapshots. } else { inner.className = '_error-inner'; if (needs_validate(elem)) { DigitalOcean has data centers in the following countries: Using DigitalOcean snapshots is a simple way to provide an image level backup. var match = document.cookie.match(new RegExp('(^|; )' + name + '=([^;]+)')); } . if (allInputs[i].value == fieldVal) { You will then be dropped into an editing session and the file will be preloaded with comments explaining how to format a cron command. twq('init','nxsrb'); The general syntax needed to operate curl that we will be using in this guide is:
                    tooltip ? _load_script(trackcmp_url); '+y),'')};                  var validate_form = function(e) {                  script.type = 'text/javascript';                    var regexStr = "field\\[(\\d+)\\]"; Let’s look at step by step how to automate the snapshot in digitalocean servers. Backups vs Snapshots: A Break Down. -->         ga('require', 'GTM-N4P6N3V'); DigitalOcean, on the other hand, works on a snapshot-based backup system. These enable users to create new Droplets and volumes with identical contents.         })(window,document,'script','','ga'); We then pass the script a list of droplet ID numbers.                      } In this section, we will demonstrate the basic idea using curl, which is a simple command line utility to access websites.                      submitted = true; It’s a frozen VM.                                });                  var form = document.getElementById('_form_' + id + '_'), thank_you = form.querySelector('._form-thank-you'); When space runs out, new snapshots eventually overwrite older ones.  The data includes all of the files that make up the virtual machine. Like DigitalOcean, Linode lets its user take a full system snapshot. You can do this safely by typing a command like this into the terminal when you are connected to the droplet: This is much safer than using the “Power Cycle” options within the control panel, because that option acts more like a hard reset.                        } else {             h.end=i=function(){s.className=s.className.replace(RegExp(' ?                          allInputs[i].checked = true; Snapshots copy an image of your entire VPS and store it on the DigitalOcean servers.                       var err = form_to_submit.querySelector('._form_error'); It is now time to edit your crontab.                        }                              for (var i = 0; i < radios.length; i++) {                      var elem = allInputs[i];                  var validate_field = function(elem, remove) { Snapshot backups can be used for reporting purpose. As you saw in the last section, it is possible to control quite a lot from the command line using the API.                      tooltip.appendChild(arrow);                    } else {         !function(e,t,n,s,u,a){e.twq||(s=e.twq=function(){s.exe?s.exe.apply(s,arguments):s.queue.push(arguments); Click Products, then click the server to snapshot on the list. To begin with, we need to download Ruby if it is not already installed on our system. A script is advantageous not only because it speeds up all of the manual querying and typing, but also because we can set it to run automatically from the command line.                  };                      } If you're good at running Linux commands, then this video is for you.         ga('send', 'pageview');                  var head = document.querySelector('head'), script = document.createElement('script'), r = false; decodeURIComponent(results[1]) : false; VM snapshots are a simple and effective way to roll a virtual machine back to a point in time. Subscribe today to our monthly newsletter                          tooltip = create_tooltip(elem, "Please select an option.       Snapshot of the system is taken to create an image n.callMethod.apply(n,arguments):n.queue.push(arguments)}                  }; 
. })(window,document.documentElement,'async-hide','dataLayer',3000, }); if (input.type == 'text') { } script.charset = 'utf-8'; We can implement this by typing a line in our crontab that looks like this:
 Beginning in October 2016, snapshots cost $0.05 per gigabyte per month, based on the amount of utilized space within the filesystem. snapshot-backup.php. You could easily lose an entire project if you have not backed up your files.                               for (var i = 0; i < elems.length; i++) {                        var input = allInputs[i];                   window._old_serialize = null;                        if (!selected) {                  };                      if (elem.type == 'radio' || (elem.type == 'checkbox' && /any/.test(elem.className))) {                    var time = now.getTime();                  wrapper.appendChild(err); Scheduled and simple, allowing fast recovery.                    } Cron does not have a notion of an environment, so we will need to give it the full path to both our script, and ruby itself: 
                              var radios = form_to_submit.elements[];                        for (var i = 0; i < elems.length; i++) { A Snapshots folder is created containing the new binary file format for Windows Server 2016 – VMCX and VMRS. It is easy to use the DigitalOcean control panel to snapshot your server for quick, one-off backups.         qp('init', '6673d2d57bb24553a25538442d0958d8'); However, they are not free, and you have to pay 20% of the node price per month. Let’s just use AAABBB as the example API token for the example client ID for these next commands.                    } else {                    if (no_error && /date_field/.test(elem.className)) {                    var regexStr = '[\?&]' + name + '=([^&#]*)'; You can do this by the “ Power Cycle ” options within the control panel, but for safely and fastly, you typing the command “ sudo poweroff ” into the terminal when you are connected to the droplet.  resize_tooltip(tooltip) : false;                    }; This is most recommended to configure snapshot for your servers. Assuming we had the same setup that we used previously, we could run this command by typing: This would snapshot just one droplet. In fact, it requires more work with these methods than pointing and clicking around in the interface.                        }                        if (elem.multiple) {                            })(input);                        }                  if (typeof window._form_callback !== 'undefined') window._form_callback(id);                        allInputs[i].value = fieldVal; NAKIVO Backup & Replication delivers high-end data protection for SMBs and enterprises with multiple backup, replication and recovery features, including VMware Backup, Hyper-V Backup, Office 365 Backup and more. In this set up, we will create a simple Ruby script that will backup our droplets.                        } The VM snapshot allows the backup software to grab data from the virtual machine and then the temporary snapshots are deleted once a backup cycle is completed.                         for (var i = 0, len = allInputs.length; i < len; i++) { DigitalOcean doesn't propose any way of automating snapshots. Hub for Good The URL that we are requesting will be some variation on this: 
 To understand, let’s go through each one of them below. We will then automate the script by adding a cronjob to snapshot our servers at predetermined intervals.                      element.addEventListener(event, func);                    if (!no_error && e) {                    window._form_serialize = window.serialize;                      var addEvent = function(element, event, func) {              }); The script will then run through the list of IDs, power off any active droplets, and snapshot them. With the following best practices regarding snapshots directly from VMware, you can see with the intent and purpose of snapshots, they are not intended to be backups: Backups are an autonomous copy of your data and or virtual machine in general that doesn’t depend on the physical or virtual machine files already in place to be able to restore data (unlike snapshots). VM Snapshot vs Backup. This will return a JSON string that includes the event ID of the snapshot you just requested.                    new_tooltip.elem = elem; They're an easy way to archive a Droplet or volume at a point in time. ");                window._show_error = function(id, message, html) { Minimum order size for Basic is 1 socket, maximum - 4 sockets. 
By Justin Ellingwood
. (function(w,d,s,l,i){w[l]=w[l]||[];w[l].push({'gtm.start':new Date().getTime(),event:'gtm.js'});var f=d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0],j=d.createElement(s),dl=l!='dataLayer'? } Please do your best to delete old snapshots when newer, working snapshots are in place. The state includes the virtual machine’s power state (for example, powered-on, powered-off, suspended). 5. }; For instance, if you are on a $5 plan, your backup charges would be $1., Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. } else { NAKIVO Blog > Data Protection > Backup Technologies > VM Snapshot vs Backup. Write for DigitalOcean !function(f,b,e,v,n,t,s) tooltip = create_tooltip(elem, err.join('
')); ; selected = false; Working on improving health and education, reducing inequality, and spurring economic growth? } Before we begin, you must set up API access to your account. $('.wp-sidebar h3').click(function(){ addEvent(input, 'input', function() { r = true; {'GTM-N4P6N3V':true}); ”“
{"action”: {“id”: 99999999, “status”: “in-progress”, “type”: “snapshot”, “startedat”: “2014-11-14T16:34:39Z”, “completedat”: null, “resourceid”: 332233, “resourcetype”: “droplet”, “region”: “nyc3”}}
. no_error = elem.checked; Snapshots are not meant to exist long term.
if (tooltips[i].elem === elem) { }); return match ? if ("excludeform") !== -1) return false; tooltips = []; if (!found && elems[i] !== elem) return true; This video will show you how to restore a Digital Ocean snapshot. tooltip = create_tooltip(elem, "Enter a valid email address. resize_tooltips(); validate_field(this, true); }); Using database snapshots with database mirroring permits you to make the data on the mirror server accessible for reporting. match[2] : null; tooltips.push(new_tooltip);
         },s.version='1.1',s.queue=[],u=t.createElement(n),u.async=!0,u.src='//',                    if (elem.type != 'checkbox') elem.className = elem.className.replace(/ ?_has_error ?/g, ''); '&l='+l:'';j.async=true;j.src=''+i+dl;f.parentNode.insertBefore(j,f);})(window,document,'script','dataLayer','GTM-WG9PFKV'); Perpetual licenses of VMware and/or Hyper-V, Subscription licenses of VMware, Hyper-V, Nutanix, AWS and Physical, I agree to the NAKIVO 
. if (allInputs[i].dataset.autofill === "false") { Click the Snapshots tab. What is VM snapshot and when do we use it? true : no_error = false; Vultr charges a 20% higher base monthly/hourly fee for its automatic backups. var needs_validate = function(el) { } var create_tooltip = function(elem, text) { return results != undefined ? return no_error; VMCX – This file is the binary configuration file that replaces the XML file found in 2012 R2 and earlier. } return new_tooltip; Install DOSnapshot. s.parentNode.insertBefore(t,s)}(window, document,'script', Steven: The difference between a snapshot and a backup: A snapshot is, think about it as a Polaroid picture. They allow the recreation of a VM or data without any reliance on the source virtual machine or files. For the most part, it seemed like you could take a snapshot which would cost you $1.40 per month and for automatic backups, the prices start at $2 per month which is actually broken up into 20% of your instance cost (like most providers) plus an additional $1 for the “week” plan with 7 … Backups can be automatically configured during provisioning or manually created at any time. [a-z]{2,})$/i)) { Below we can right click on a virtual machine in Hyper-V and choose Checkpoint to initiate the checkpoint (snapshot) creation. The delta disks are not autonomous from either the physical infrastructure or the virtual infrastructure of the virtual machine. Privacy return false Many may use VM snapshot in a virtual environment as a quick failsafe roll back point before performing upgrades, changing installed software, uninstalling components, etc. 4. fbq('init', '239911403217014'); This video will show you how to manually backup all files and database of DigitalOcean droplet in just 5 minutes. When we think about true backups, we want our backups to be completely autonomous from our virtual machine that we are protecting. }; Snapshot is the exact copy of the server at any given point of time. } else if (input.type == 'textarea'){ Step 1: Login to DigitalOcean if (elems[i].getAttribute('required') === null) continue; if (validate_form()) { fbq('track', 'PageView'); It’s an instant point in time. so you never miss out on our offers, news and discounts. .async-hide { opacity: 0 !important} form.querySelector('._form-content').style.display = 'none'; elems[i].className = elems[i].className.replace(/ ?_has_error ?/g, ''); var resize_tooltip = function(tooltip) { if (!r && (!this.readyState || this.readyState == 'complete')) { (function() { var as = document.createElement('script'); as.type = 'text/javascript'; as.async = true; as.src = ""; var s = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0];s.parentNode.insertBefore(as, s); })(); var results = new RegExp(regexStr).exec(allInputs[i].name); var wrapper = document.createElement('div'); }; var rect = tooltip.elem.getBoundingClientRect(); selected = false; Snapshots, as shown above, are a mechanism to record delta changes from a certain point in time. While they have special use cases and can be used safely within the means of their designed intent and purpose, organizations should always have backups in place to have a standalone mechanism for business continuity. Under the images tab in the control panel, users can now send their snapshots to another DigitalOcean customer with a click of the mouse. You will need both the API token to access your account through the API. button.parentNode.insertBefore(wrapper, button); SnapShooter is a simple tool to enable more frequent backups of major server providers, while also providing support for offsite backups your choose of S3 provider. /home/your_user/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.1.0/bin/ruby window.cfields = []; }); This can cause the snapshot storage location to run out of space and impact the system performance. {n.callMethod? Snapshot. } Now, with that being said, most modern backup technologies leverage VM snapshot to copy data, but don’t rely on the snapshots remaining in place. Automated backup snapshots using What are the differences between snapshots and backups in general? err.push("Checking %s is required".replace("%s", elems[i].value)); // Insert Twitter Pixel ID and Standard Event data below } How are snapshots created in VMware and Hyper-V? Snapshots on their own are not autonomous as they are dependent on the parent VM disks or chain of snapshots if there are multiple in existence. if (!value.match(/^\d\d\d\d-\d\d-\d\d$/)) { } } else if (input.tagName == 'SELECT') { This records the delta changes that are made post checkpoint creation. (i[r].q=i[r].q||[]).push(arguments)},i[r].l=1*new Date();a=s.createElement(o), With plain virtual machine snapshots, none of this is possible. } else { With VMware or Hyper-V, snapshots/checkpoints are not meant to linger forever in an environment and can lead to performance issues when left in place. no_error = false; 'vgo' : visitorGlobalObjectAlias; elem.parentNode.insertBefore(tooltip, elem); } "); } err.parentNode.removeChild(err) : false; var serialized = _form_serialize(document.getElementById('_form_5_')); curl -X HTTPMETHODName for New Snapshot“}’ \ tooltip = create_tooltip(elem, "Please select an option. Backups are an essential part of business continuity allowing Recovery Time Objectives and Recovery Point Objectives, RTO and RPO respectively, to be met. selected = true; new_tooltip.no_arrow = true; if (!submitted) { Click on “Generate new token” at the top of the page: Give the token a name and determine the level of access it will have for your account. var now = new Date(); err.className = '_error-inner _form_error _no_arrow'; You can also see which one provides more features that you need or which has better pricing plans for your current budget constraints. VMware Backup: Why Choose a Public Cloud for Offsite Data Storage, Oracle Database Administration and Backup, NAKIVO Backup & Replication Components: Transporter, Virtual Appliance – Simplicity, Efficiency, and Scalability, Introducing VMware Distributed Switch: What, Why, and How, NAKIVO for Cloud if (scrollPosition < 40) { _atrk_opts = { atrk_acct:"ip8bo1IW1810/9", domain:"",dynamic: true}; Snapshots do not ensure any of these critical objectives. if (elem.type != 'radio' && elem.type != 'checkbox') { Yours might be slightly different. DigitalOcean provides an API that allows you to access the power of the control panel from the command line or a programming interface. if( === 'email' && el.value !== ""){ Snapshots supplement backup. tooltip.innerHTML = text; now.setTime(expireTime); 1. ga('create', 'UA-30841036-1', 'auto'); Although it’s possible to snapshot a live system, powering off provides some guarantee that the filesystem will be in a consistent state.

for (var i = 0; i < allInputs.length; i++) { It’s just that. 3. Despite using snapshots in certain cases, why do we still need to give proper attention to backups? Unfortunately, a few providers like DigitalOcean and Vultr do not allow you to download snapshots, making their snapshots useless for cloning a VPS onto a different provider. visitorObject('setEmail', email); Do not use a single snapshot for more than 24-72 hours. When we compare and contrast the differences between VM snapshot and VM backup we find there are several key points to take into consideration that help us to see snapshots are not backups. tooltip.tip.className = tooltip.tip.className.replace(/ ? head.appendChild(script); Snapshots are also very useful for development purposes. tooltip = create_tooltip(elem, "This field is required. window._load_script = function(url, callback) { Here you can generate an API token, register developer applications, view authorized application, and read the API documentation. document.querySelector('#_form_5_submit').disabled = true; validate_field(this, true); Next, click on your droplet’s name in the main “Droplets” page: In the next screen, Click on the tab across the top marked “Snapshots”. e.preventDefault(); } curl -X POST -H ‘Content-Type: application/json’ \ continue; Many have learned the hard way that snapshots in a virtual environment are not a reliable means to recover lost data or virtual infrastructure. Now that you have this piece of information, you are ready for our first test. Enter the name for your snapshot and press the “Take Snapshot” button to initiate a snapshot: Your snapshot will initiate. 2. addEvent(radios[i], 'click', function() { break; Minimum order size for Essentials is 2 sockets, maximum - 6 sockets. is using the flexibility of the snapshots to offer the best backup solution for your DigitalOcean Droplets and Volumes. } tooltips[i].tip.parentNode.removeChild(tooltips[i].tip); DigitalOcean, a privately-held company headquartered in New York, provides a relatively easy cloud platform to deploy, manage, and scale applications of any size. 14 18 * * * DOTOKEN=“AAABBB” /home/youruser/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.1.0/bin/ruby /home/youruser/snapshot.rb dropid1 dropid2 … dropidx For this tutorial, you will want to have both read and write access: You will now have an API token available to you: Copy and paste the API token into a secure location, as it will not be shown to you again. element['on' + event] = function() { if (!no_error) { I suggest you read it if you’re unsure what the differences between a backup and snapshot are. Restore a snapshot. var form_submit = function(e) { The method we will be using is "GET”, as shown in the API documentation. Assuming that we had already powered off the droplet safely from within the server, we can issue the snapshot command like this:

                            if (elems[i].checked) no_error = true; Here's a quick break down of the differences between backups and snapshots.                   Contribute to Open Source. Also, a differencing disk is created with the .avhdx format.                       } "); However, the great thing about being able to access data through the API is that we can add this functionality to a script. Morpheus built-in Backup solution provides VM, Container, Host, Database, File, Directory, Volume and Storage Provider Backup, Snapshot and Replication capabilities.                    }                                 agree that                          no_error = false;                  addEvent(form_to_submit, 'submit', form_submit);                      }                  } (_above|_below) ?/g, '') + ' _above'; This is held in the “id” field of each droplet’s returned JSON string.                  } --> The command becomes: We can identify individual droplets by their droplet ID.                        no_error = true;                      allInputs[i] = allInputs[i].name; So, looking at the API documentation, if you wanted to do a request for “/droplets”, which returns all active droplets on your account, you could form a URL like this: As we are trying to do this from the command line, we will use curl in the format we specified above.                            no_error = false;                              validate_field(this, true);                      if (!tooltips[i].no_arrow) resize_tooltip(tooltips[i]); Backup. Take up to hourly backup and snapshots for DigitalOcean and all providers. A snapshot operation in VMware creates the following files: In the Hyper-V world, VM snapshots or checkpoints are instituted in a similar way and the concepts are the same. This will install rvm and the latest stable version of Ruby. Upon clicking the transfer button, the sender will notice the icon turn blue, indicating that the snapshot is mid-transfer. Etel Sverdlov does a very good job of explaining the difference between snapshots and backups in this DigitalOcean community tutorial. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin and open source topics. Because our API calls and script do not require root privileges, we should set this up in our local user’s crontab. VMRS – This file contains various information about the state of the running virtual machine.                      allInputs[i] = window.cfields[results[1]];                  var remove_tooltip = function(elem) {                    if (_removed) return;      We also back up snapshots offsite for additional resiliency. There are some SaaS that can take care of it but paying to execute some API requests seemed a bit off.. That's why we developed a simple script which can run with cron jobs or in CI services like Travis for free. This includes disks, memory, and other devices, such as virtual network interface cards.                           } else if (value === undefined || value === null || value === '') { Now we can make this file executable by typing: This script works by assigning our client ID and API key to environmental variables called DO_CLIENT_ID and DO_API_KEY respectively. If you do automate this process, it is important to manage the number of snapshots that are being saved to your account.                        var elems = form_to_submit.elements[]; This will give users in different parts of the world greater network proximity to their servers.                      } However, many mistakenly view snapshots as a type of "backup" since it allows the return back to a known good point in time. There are a number of ways to back up, and layering your backup strategies will provide the best coverage in the event of a problem.                  if (old_error) old_error.parentNode.removeChild(old_error); Especially when it comes to development environments, VM snapshots are a great way to return to a known point in time.                    } We will be using an Ubuntu 12.04 droplet to snapshot our other servers. Thus, the backup is constantly taking place in the background whilst the Droplet is running.                            } When thinking about use cases for virtual machine snapshots, there are several scenarios where we see snapshots used.                    e.preventDefault();                        if (!                     document.cookie = name + '=' + value + '; expires=' + now + ';path=/';                    }                      _load_script('' DigitalOcean: With DigitalOcean, you get five automatic backup slots.                        var selected = true;                            return true DigitalOcean uses a snapshot-based backup system that considers the current state of Droplet to create an image. It uses the current state of Droplet which creates the image.      To be used with "--backup ", "--backup-all " Informational Args: Arguments That Display Information -l, --list-droplets List all droplets --list-backups List all snapshots with " dobackup " in their name -s, --list-snaps List all snapshots --list-tagged List droplets using "--tag-name "--list-tags List all used tags - …                   Supporting each other to make an impact. ... Backup/snapshots …                  } else if (typeof(trackcmp_url) != 'undefined' && trackcmp_url) {                  var setCookie = function(name, value) {  The files put in place to make snapshots possible are on the same storage infrastructure as the parent disks. Snapshots safeguard data against accidental changes or human errors.                  _load_script("//", function() { remove_tooltip(elem) : false;                      tooltip.tip.className = tooltip.tip.className.replace(/ ? When the snapshot process is complete, your server will be rebooted.                             elems[i].className = elems[i].className + ' _has_error';                  addEvent(window, 'scroll', resize_tooltips);                  } In a snapshot, all your files and their locations will be as it is so that the migration from one Linode/DO server to another is a quick and easy task for the user. We'd like to help. You are not able to restore individual files from a snapshot directly. You can use snapshots to create new Droplets or volumes with the same contents of the snapshot.                    div.innerHTML = html;                (function() { Any environment that might rely on snapshots as means for backup is asking for disaster and data loss. There are a few things that a backup is that snapshots aren't. Type in: If this is your first time running crontab as this user, you will be prompted to choose an editor. A snapshot is a point-in-time copy of data created from a set of markers pointing to stored data and is effectively a backup.         $(document).ready(function(){ You’re out, and you’re having fun with your friends, and somebody snaps a Polaroid or an Instagram or whatever the kids are using nowadays.                            return true which ruby Also, today’s modern backup technologies allow us to not only have autonomous backups of our virtual infrastructure but also allow us to replicate virtual machines as well as have backup copies stored offsite as well.                          } We will briefly cover the manual way of snapshotting your server, and then quickly move on to doing so in an automated way through the API and a cron job.                            if (elem.options[i].selected) {                    script.onload = script.onreadystatechange = function() {                         var elems = form_to_submit.elements[], found = false, err = []; If you do not have a preference for one of the other listed options, nano is a safe choice.                         if (window._old_serialize) window.serialize = window._old_serialize;                        no_error = false;                 $(this).siblings('.hold-sidebar').toggleClass('opened');                  var form_to_submit = document.getElementById('_form_5_'); However, doing this manually not only is a bit cumbersome, it doesn’t solve our problem of automating snapshots at all.                    } else { Snapshots can prove vital for protecting a user’s assets, and … After installation, we can source the rvm script by running: Next, we will need to create a file called snapshot.rb in your favorite text editor: Inside, you can paste the following script file: Save and close the file when you are finished.                    }                  };                           elem.value = elem.value.trim(); 6.                  var remove_tooltips = function() {                              }                      var oldFunc = element['on' + event];     (function(a,s,y,n,c,h,i,d,e){s.className+=' '+y;h.start=1*new Date;         ga(function(tracker)                            });                    var expireTime = time + 1000 * 60 * 60 * 24 * 365; If you do automate this process, it is important to manage the number of snapshots that are being saved to your account.                    // Site tracking URL to use after inline form submission.     -H 'Authorization: Bearer AAABBB’ \                                     Privacy A Backup can last for as long as four weeks. Creating a snapshot saves everything from the Droplet or volume's disk to a disk image saved in your DigitalOcean account. DigitalOcean makes it simple to launch in the cloud and scale up as you grow – whether you’re running one virtual machine or ten thousand.                            addEvent(input, 'change', function() { We will assume that the droplet ID is 123456: We can then take this further by issuing commands to that specific droplet. At the time of this post, AWS has the following regions, in addition to another region in China: However, Lightsail is available only in the us-east-1 region.                        func.apply(this, arguments);                        elem.className = elem.className + ' _has_error';                    for (var i = 0; i < tooltips.length; i++) { Cron commands are formatted in the following way: You can place a “*” into any of the interval positions that you do not wish to specify.      

var getUrlParam = function(name) { (elems instanceof NodeList || elems instanceof HTMLCollection) || elems.length <= 1) { Using DigitalOcean snapshots is a simple way to provide an image level backup. Once you verify that the command is operating successfully (creating snapshots), you can edit it back to the schedule that you wish to keep. elem.parentNode.appendChild(tooltip); } tooltips.splice(i, 1); } Because of this, snapshots are usually only good if you want to revert to a recent version of your server. remove ? For example, here you can examine OpenShift (overall score: 8.2; user rating: 98%) vs. DigitalOcean (overall score: 8.2; user rating: 99%) for their overall performance. If you have lost your server, you can easily restore the entire server files from snapshot backup. The snapshot file continues to grow in size when it is retained for a longer period. It is dangerous to consider snapshots on a virtual machine to be a type of backup. validate_field(this, true); };

"); if(!f._fbq)f._fbq=n;n.push=n;n.loaded=!0;n.version='2.0'; arrow.className = '_error-arrow'; Click on the “API” section of the top navigation bar: You will be taken to the general API interface. div.className = '_error-html'; = 'block';
. However, we can nevertheless use Recovery or Custom ISO features to extract the disk state of a VPS as a raw or qcow2 image, and send that image over to the other provider. CLI script used for automating backup of DigitalOcean volumes. "); In this article, we will discuss how to use DigitalOcean snapshots as a method of backing up your environment. More droplet IDs could be added after the first one, separated by spaces: Now that we have our script file in working order, we can set it to automatically run by using the cron utility. Sign up for Infrastructure as a Newsletter. Backups are extremely important in any kind of production or development environment. Create a normal user if you haven’t done so already. VM snapshot preserves the state and data of a virtual machine at a specific point in time. a=t.getElementsByTagName(n)[0],a.parentNode.insertBefore(u,a))}(window,document,'script'); var tooltip = null, value = elem.value, no_error = true; When the status changes from Pending to Available, the snapshot is complete. visitorObject('update'); } if (elem.getAttribute('required') !== null) { (function(el) { Save this path so that you can enter it into the crontab. “Best of VMworld 2018” Gold Award Winner for Data Protection. When it comes to quick rollbacks, snapshots on virtual machines are a quick and effective way to roll back to a point in time. Data Protection with NAKIVO Backup & Replication, NAKIVO for (var i = 0; i < tooltips.length; i++) { So if we wanted to run a command at 3:10am every morning, we could add an entry like this: If we wanted to run a command at noon on the first of every month, we could instead type: For our purposes, we we are going to assume that we want to run a snapshot backup every Sunday and Thursday at 3:30am. + serialized + '&jsonp=true'); m=s.getElementsByTagName(o)[0];a.async=1;a.src=g;m.parentNode.insertBefore(a,m) if (elem.tagName.toLowerCase() !== "select") { thank_you.innerHTML = message; addEvent(input, 'input', function() { Mistakenly, some still view snapshots as a backup because they allow a VM to return to a previous state. if (elem.options[i].selected && !elem.options[i].value) { twq('track','PageView'); elem.className = elem.className + ' _has_error'; The process happens automatically with manual scheduling window.

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